Past versions of the K-Iceberg can be found here, or view versions 1 to 58 in an animated gif.
A coworker once asked me, "What do you think of K-pop, K-drama, K-film, KKK?" What you see on this page is my attempt to answer that question.
After seeing an image online of the "Cultural Iceberg" (of which there are many versions), I took one and created the K-Iceberg. While culture is indeed a complex concept and the iceberg demonstrates that culture is composed of a lot more things than we think, the Korean version shows how one simple type of branding has become widespread across many industries in Korea.
"Imagine people worldwide eating a rice variety developed with Korean technology and cultivated with Korean agricultural machinery while listening to K-pop or watching K-dramas," a director of the RDA wrote as translated by KOCIS.
"Korea's 'K' is considered a seal of quality. Such global reach has not only enhanced Korea's status but also added a unique touch to the international community's diversity and development," Deputy Minister & Ambassador for Climate Change at Ministry of Foreign Affairs Yoo Yeon-chul wrote. "Going forward, I am confident that the symbolic letter 'K' could also be added to climate change response, a pressing global issue."
"We feel proud of our Koreanness when we see words with that added 'K-'," first lady Kim Jung-sook said.
"The Korean financial wave has enough potential to grow into the next BTS," said Moon Chang-yong, chairman of KAMCO, the "BTS of the financial sector."
Jambinai told me in an interview: "We don't want to be categorized as K-music, or K-something. European or overseas listeners think Jambinai is just Jambinai, not the K-band Jambinai or K-whatever."
The idea when I started to collect these was that these various other things would benefit from the success of K-pop, which was absolutely taken for granted by the Korean government and much of civil society long before it was apparent in the real world. Many articles mentioning these things mention the unstoppable global popularity of K-pop, dating back to before "Gangnam Style" even.
I found out about most of the first entries here, and the ones up top, from Korean government publications, which were zealous to add even more ridiculous ones such as K-Roads. But over time I've encountered others reading the news, or just driving around. I occasionally post the latest version on Facebook, and people shower me with other entries.
To qualify for the K-Iceberg, the term must be put in use by a notable enough source, preferably a government agency, but others include private companies, artists, and celebrities. It does not include K-pop fan sites, which would include Knetizen (which notably doesn't hyphenate "Kpop"), K-Hallyu, K-Hangul, K-craze and the K-grammar lessons on the "Learn Korean Through K-POP" website. I'm also trying to avoid journalists and academics coining the terms to talk about what they study, such as K-spaces,
K-prosecution, K-Trumpism, but I will be watching them. I have decided that sponsored posts on Facebook do meet notability, regardless of the source and other notability concerns, because sponsored content reaching me feels like a big deal.
The name also must begin with a K or k and a hyphen or substitute punctuation such as an apostrophe, period, or asterisk. This disqualifies names that have no hyphen (K League, K Shop, K bank, K Car, K Models) or have no space at all (KProfiles, KLPGA, KFEZ, KCSI, KCIA, KCDC). I was introduced to Kjun which is a good pun for a Korean-style cajun restaurant, and will be monitoring for the appearance of a K-jun which would qualify it.
There are also a lot of websites for things that have proper names, but add a k at the start of the URL for half-assed branding they probably didn't follow through on, such as Hypertension Seoul 2019 run by Korean Society of Hypertension, Kminigolf Shinhan Financial Group's news site kbanker, Korea Asset,
Korea Adoption Services, Korean Housing Association, Korea Asset Investment Securities, Korea Institute of Youth Facility & Environment, Korea Waste Association, World Heritage Promotion Team of Korean Tidal Flat. And also K-VIC is so close to making K-Venture an entry. I see you, and there's likely to be a tweaking of the rules someday to add all of you.
Due to poor consistency, a name may be branded several different ways, and if it is disqualified by format, it only needs to appear in the proper format in one place that is official enough. For instance The-K Twin Towers was ineligible because the hyphen was on the wrong side of the K, but it is "The K-Twin Towers" above the entrance. Same thing happened with The-K Hotel if you look at the URL, and Tournament-K Hansik. This article refers to K-Care but in official sources it is only ever KCARE so far; also there is mention of a different K-care in this article but it does not meet notability standards unless we determine the official said it and it is not newspaper originated (update: K-Care has been accepted, but from a different origin). I am keeping track of almost-rans and waiting for an example of them being formatted properly, or for them to step further forward into K-dom.
I have tried to exclude sources that don't meet notability standards, such as K-pop fan sites and my own friends giving me suggestions they made up. The K also should represent Korea, although sometimes it may stand for kimchi or Kristian, depending on context and who you ask. For instance K-gugak (2) have not met notability standards for their use, nor do K-chat and K-funny. K-export is also not quite up to notability yet, surprisingly. In Germany there are events like K-Fair, K-Trade Fair, K-show, etc, which I'm excluding.
It also is preferable that the concept is apparent, even if it's obscure or highly technical jargon; I've been on the fence about K-Exciting and K-Rookies, for instance, and still am about K-master, K-demo (demolition? demonstration?), K-ACE, K-Turtle Wedding Hall, K-spa, K-sure, K-Bee, K-CAB, (2), K-CLIP, K-Fed (remember him?), K-plus (which is a brand of some component at my office door). And for that matter the K probably should stand for Korea, or at least have a Korean connection.
Maybe in the future the rules will change to let them all in, or I'll find an example where they stylise it differently, or they slip up just once and hyphenate.
As some of the items have quite long names, usually because they are part of an event name or slogan, I will trim them down to a core concept, even if this somewhat obscures their original purpose. The longest is probably "K-route expedition unit," which didn't make sense to trim. I have taken liberties with truncating "K-COVID-19 response strategy." I also reserve the right to make the name format more uniform, such as changing the punctuation to a hyphen, capitalising the K, or lowercasing the following word so it doesn't look as much like a proper name.
As it gets more crowded, I've found more difficulties curating the K-Iceberg. Two duplicate entries have been found and removed. Also, my standards for what qualifies have tightened. I decided rather than remove entries, I would cross them off. Some remain on there for humorous purposes. It became necessary to list all the entries in text, because it was becoming too difficult to tell whether a new entry was already on the K-Iceberg.
Most of the terms on the list are English, but as we've gone on and they've become more specialised, a few Korean-language ones have come out. I've been trying to be loyal to the terms, only offering them in English when there is an official English translation, when the Korean is just an English word expressed in Hangeul, or when the translation is extremely apparent without ambiguity. Many entries have been left in the original Korean, and in the future I expect most of them to go toward official English translations, but it's likely some bilingual duplicates will stick around, such as K-bangyeok and a number of English-language versions. Whatever happens, everything will be listed in English or phonetic English on this site, because I don't use Hangeul here due to compatibility issues.
Below is a list of sources for as many of the K-Iceberg items as possible. For most of the time, I've been uninterested in recording the sources, so a few are currently unknown, but in most cases they are not the most outlandish ones.
If you know the origin of any of the unknown ones, or have others to add, don't hesitate to contact me.
If you want to use the K-Iceberg for a presentation or publication or something, you're free to do so, although I appreciate a shout-out through proper citation and I especially appreciate a proof photo. So far I have spoken to four academics who have used it.
K-academy - taken from a program run at Korean Cultural Centers, seen here, here, and here
K-activities - mentioned in relation to K-Community Festival 2019 here as part of "traditional K-activities"
K-administration - taken from a notice by the Ministry of the Interior and Safety that seems to be just using the term as a synonym of the government, and also mentioned here
K-ADR - from a report KOTRA posted about
K-agricultural machinery - taken from this press release which introduces the term in Korean, but I decided in light of this video to translate it this way
K-agriculture - taken from a quote about spreading K-agriculture to Southeast Asia
K-animation - comes from a government publication and this KCC event
K-alliance - taken from an alliance of Korean shipbuilders, as seen here and here
K-anonymity - taken from a term used by the future ministry to refer to data discipline; seen in this file; also a data anonymization technique although the K is typically expressed as k in this case and doesn't represent Korea
K-Apps - a video of the Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
K-apt - taken from this government real estate website
K-architecture - comes from a government publication
K-Army - although this term is used to refer to domestic fans of BTS (vs I-Army for international fans), it is also seen on packaging for a budae jjigae ramyeon product
K-ARPA - a KDI-proposed name for a Korean version of DARPA, reported here and seen extensively here (where let's pretend we didn't see K-APPA)
K-art - comes from a government publication
K-Art Market - short name for Korea Art Market Information System
K-artificial intelligence - taken from a joint project between Samsung Electronics and SK Telecom, seen here and here
K-artist - taken from the Virtual K-Artist Talk Series up to 6 as of this writing at the Washington KCC as well as this site
K-ARTS - Korea National University of Arts
K-Asian - taken from K-Asian Festival, a K-pop concert held in August 2019
K-ASMR - a term referenced by the Spanish KCC referring to videos by K-Heritage such as this one
K-attire - unknown
K-auction - an auction website
K-Aussie - a network for Koreans who studied abroad in Australia
K-auto - taken from a car exporter in Busan and a trade fair
K-award - taken from the ICT K-Award run by the Korea Information Science Promotion Association
K-baby - taken from K-Baby Fair at Kintex
K-badge - mentioned as a prize for Talk Talk Korea, a KOCIS contest
K-baduk - a TV channel for baduk games. Note that the official name is K- in English, but Baduk in Hangeul. Also note that instead of a hyphen they stylise it with an asterisk in logos.
K-bags - believed to be an online store
K-ballet - not surprisingly, K-ballet hopes to fuse the government's two favourite things to promote: high art with the runaway popularity of K-pop, as seen in this government article and the K-Ballet World international ballet festival, which rebranded in 2013 on the heels of "Gangnam Style"
K-bang - the name of a German K-pop magazine; note the use of an asterisk instead of a hyphen
K-bangeon ojingeo - translated unofficially to "half-baked squid,"
taken from this seafood product on the Suhyup website; you can guess why I was googling for K-squid
K-bangyeok - a romanisation (trying not to use Hangeul on this site) of a term best translated as "K-anti-infection." Widespread use in the media, possibly as the Korean word for K-quarantine. There is also a K-Quarantine Expo that makes clear K-Bangyeok and K-Quarantine are supposed to be the same thing.
K-Bank - disqualified because the official name is unhyphenated, but requalified because of this document
K-barbeque - the name of an event held by KISSA; I do not agree with the Q in the name
K-baseball - used in a presidential speech; referenced in Yonhap too
K-bases - apparently all airbases in Korea have a K- prefix, and the National Museum of the United States Air Force phrases it just right to qualify here.
K-basic income - said by Ahn Cheol-soo; yes in Korean
K-basins - a term used in several government reports as well as this paper to refer to drainage basins in Korea
K-battery - comes from K-Battery Alliance which was widely reported on as seen here for example, as well as this presidential mention
K-BBQ - mentioned in this release in a different context from K-barbeque
K-beauty - a term for not just skincare products originating from Korea as well as an expo, but also plastic surgery... but also the 2019 ASEAN-ROK K-Beauty Festival
K-beef - taken from McDonald's Philippines' 'Taste of Korea' line, along with K-chicken
K-beer - uttered a lot regarding the Korea International Beer Expo in 2020, such as this article quoting an unnamed KIBEX official and this one with a number of quotes. Especially ironic because it's about craft beer, rather than the macrobreweries like OB which have a great deal more parallels with K-pop.
K-bench - taken from the website Korea.Benchmark, where a dot is used in place of a dash
K-berry - a brand for Korean strawberries, the "Queen of Winter Vitamin," as mentioned here and here alongside K-grape and K-mush
K-bidet-myeon - sloppy romanisation taken from a Korean phrase meaning K-non-face-to-face; mostly appears in relation to K-Voucher
K-billing - taken from this KTDS service
K-bio - cited in a presidential speech, presumably short for K-biotech. UPDATE: Cheong Wa Dae has second-guessed the term, removing it from English translations. Still visible in the original Korean text.
K-bio lab - referenced in a presidential speech about the "K-global vaccine hub"
K-bio singularity - from a report KOTRA posted about
K-biotech - a company name that seems to range between K-bio Solutions and K-Biotech
K-biz - Korea Federation of SMEs
K-blog - used in K-blog info and the blog for Beauty&Seoul which seems to be a cosmetics company.
K-boat - seen on a sign at Dongincheon Station
K-bob - taken from this 7-Eleven sign which extra-counterintuitively seems to be about convenience store bibimbap
K-book - a website run by the Publication Industry Promotion Agency of Korea to reach out to overseas publishers, as well as used by the K-Book Export Center (K-BEC) which has a K-Book Review webzine, and also the K-Book exhibit at the Beijing International Book Fair
K-boom - mentioned in connection to Cheong Wa Dae coverage of K-Expo, seen here and
K-boutique - taken from this article
K-box - taken from
this promotional event which seems to be a gift box for promoting Korean culture. The link mentions K-movie box, but I'm just going with K-box for now.
K-boy - the name of a Thai K-pop cover group that won the grand prize at the K-Pop World Festival 2018
K-BPR - a local version of a law, known elsewhere as Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)
K-brands - a term used in a presidential speech referring to basically all these K-iceberg terms; also used in the IPR Infringement Identification Handbook of Korea Customs Service to refer to something different
K-brief - taken from a publication probably made by KISTEP
K-bucket list - taken from a YouTube show mentioned by KOCIS
K-Buddhism - after being on the fence about the Cultural Corps of Korean Buddhism website being kbuddhism.com, I accepted this term in light of its widespread use by Buddhist organisations trying to ride the K-wave, seen prominently here, here, and here
K-burger - taken from the McDonald's Philippines Taste of Korea event, which offers K-Beef and K-Chicken as well as mentions K-fave and K-cravings; also reported on here
K-button - mentioned as a consolation prize for Talk Talk Korea, a KOCIS contest
K-buzz - taken from a video series of this YouTube channel which seems to be run by Yonhap.
K-caddie - from the Korea Golf Caddies Association
K-cafe - a feature of the K-Community Festival 2019 apparently run by Daebak Korea, mentioned here and here
K-calligraphy - taken from a KCC Indonesia event
K-camp - not related to camping, but a startup event that uses the hyphen inconsistently
K-campus - mentioned as a logo in the lower right corner of this JoongAng Daily recruitment for cheap reporters; unclear what it is, or even what that long dash after the K is supposed to be, but good enough
K-cancer - taken from this big data project; the page also spells it K-cacncer but I'm going to spare them the indignity of adding that
K-car - disqualified because the K doesn't stand for Korea
K-cardiovascular - taken from this policy article which mentions K-cancer, with this and K-respiratory system all being related to big data collection
K-care - a brand of sanitary mask, while also used to describe the Korea Central Adoption Resources which was stylised officially as KCARE and is now Kore Adoption Services (KAS, though with the URL Kadoption); also appears here.
K-cartoon - mentioned very briefly by the foreign ministry here
K-cash - a name for the Korea Cash Network as run by the Korea Financial Telecommunications & Clearings Institute (KFTC)
K-cat - taken from K-Cat Fair at Coex in January 2020, connected with K-Pet Fair
K-CDC - Korean version of the CDC, disqualified because official name unhyphenated
K-celeb - a video series run by YTN
K-cereal - taken from this Kellogg's commercial for K-pot
K-certified - referenced in a presidential speech translation as "Brand K-certified products, including Korea¡¯s COVID-19 response, K-pop, K-beauty and K-food"
K-challenge - taken from K-Challenge Lab
K-champ - taken from K-Champ Collaboration
K-character - unknown, nominaetd 20190314, believed to be from a store, festival, or sale of character merchandising
K-check card - offered by Woori Bank
K-chicken - located on the menu at YG Republique's pub, as well as McDonalds Philippines' 'Taste of Korea' line, along with K-Beef
K-chingu - taken from
this advertised webtoon made at KCC Indonesia, and yes it's phonetic Korean in English (meaning K-friend)
K-chip - Samsung is all over something called the "K-chip vision" which appears mostly in media, but also on this apparently Samsung-run site, and Moon Jae-in is more or less quoted mentioning the "K-chip strategy" which seems to be interchangeable with K-Semiconductor Strategy
K-chopsticks - government campaign connected with Korean Life Dictionary series featuring video, events at Korean Cultural Centers
K-choreo - a regular feature on KBS' official music channel obviously short for K-choreography
K-chubang - Meaning K-deportation, this term was used in a campaign by Korea Refugee Rights Network which received some media coverage
K-CIA - former name of the NIS, disqualified because official name unhyphenated
K-Cineflex - taken from the name of a documentary series produced by Arirang and KOFIC
K-cinema - a screening series with events such as this one at the Washington KCC which seems to prefer this over K-movie
K-cinematic cravings - taken from the wording for a KOCIS writeup about a Korean film festival in Singapore
K-Cinepeople - the name of presumably the third segment of the K-Cineflex documentary series produced by Arirang and KOFIC
K-Cinestory - the name of the first segment of the K-Cineflex documentary series produced by Arirang and KOFIC
K-city - a fake city built for testing autonomous vehicles, as well as this MOLIT K-City Network Global Cooperation Program and this article about "the Perfect COVID-19 K-City"
K-classic - name for International Bodybuilding Fitness Championships, also possibly name for a K League event, and the K-Classic Piano Tour/Concert
K-classics - comes from a government publication about (non-Korean) classical music in Korea
K-classical music - unknown, believed to be a government publication that came later than K-classics; possibly this
K-clinic - seen in the URL of this K-plastic surgery website
K-cloud - taken from Kangwon University's online platform, as well as the (unhyphenated) URL for the Korea Association of Cloud Industry and K-Cloud Scale Up Summit
K-coal - possibly claimed by the Korean Coal Association, certainly by this private company
K-cocktail - taken from this KOCIS article
K-coffee - seems to come from this brand, created by "Korea’s first barista Lee Dong-jin to pay homage to Emperor Kojong"
K-comedy - taken from the K-Comedy Award apparently given out at Busan International Comedy Festival; also comedian Park Na-rae seems to like the term as does Kim Shin-young
K-comics - taken from K-Comics Academy run by Korea Manhwa Contents Agency less so from K-Comics, a publishing company
K-commerce - mentioned here as part of K-Sale
K-community - taken from K-Community Festival in Europe
K-comparison - taken from a K-influencer video
K-concert - part of the basis for KCON, a major K-pop festival held overseas; seen here and here and here; also used for K-Concert Screening "SHINee World V" Ditunda (and I'm going to pretend I didn't see the use of K-SHINee in that link, which seems to be a mistake)
K-Connected - the name of an annual celebration of Korean culture in Canada's capital run by the KCC there, and also the theme for Festivel Korea 2021
K-consafety - from K-Consafety Expo, an exhibition held at Kintex in September 2019 on construction and industrial safety, seemingly alongside K-Safety Expo
K-consulting - taken from this offering on the KWorld Now website
K-consumer - from K-consumer reports as seen in this economy ministry post
K-convention - part of the basis for KCON, a major K-pop festival held overseas; seen here and here -- also used for a KTO MICE event
K-content - from K-Content Expo which is run overseas by KOCCA
K-contents - no, you're not seeing double; mentioned in promotional materials about KCON, as seen here
K-cooking - taken from the K-cookingclass which seems to be privately run
K-cops - Korean Transformers ripoff as well as an actual buzzword mentioned in a presidential speech to refer to the K-COP wave, which is "surging like K-POP" and a Korea Herald article claiming "Like K-pop, the K-Cop Wave stretches out to the world," plus this event
K-Corea - taken from the name of an electronic art project about Korea
K-corn dog - comes from a KOCIS publication
K-corporation - taken from this company name, and also used in Korean in this KT&G page
K-cosmetics - unknown
K-cosplay - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia
K-costume - taken from the K-Costume Exhibition based on a costume designer for movies
K-cottage - the name of a facility on K-16
K-cover - taken from a series of videos on the MBC K-Pop YouTube channel in which traditional performers cover K-pop songs
K-COVID-19 - an unfortunate term coined on government releases such as seen here and here, short for K-COVID-19 response strategy
K-CPAC - taken from this series of events on the sidelines of the US CPAC. Although they stylise it as KCPAC, in the logo the star can be taken to represent the dash.
K-craft - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia and also mentioned here; also mentioned here possibly for something else, as well as mentioned on this culture ministry page
K-cravings - taken from copy in the McDonald's Taste of Korea event
K-creative - taken from K-Creative Festival seen here and here
K-critic - taken from the fourth K-Insider Challenge
K-crossword - taken from this online quiz show; episode 1 here, and here
K-crowd - a term mentioned in brief here and written explicitly in English here; doubtlessly related to K-crowdfund
K-crowdfund - a project seemingly by K-Growth mentioned here
K-Cruelty - PETA campaign about horses
K-cuisine - taken from a lecture series at the Korean Cultural Centers in the US; seems to especially be used to refer to temple food
K-culture - comes from a government publication; also cited for CJ Logistics' sponsorship activities and K-Culture Road
K-culture entertainment - a department at Kyungil University; mentioned by K-Odyssey
K-cup - disqualified, unrelated to Korea
K-cushion - a cosmetic accessory mentioned here
K-customs - coined in a Korea Times contribution by Korea Customs Service Commissioner Lim Jae-hyeon
K-cyber - Comes from K-Cyber Security Challenge" but cybersecurity is one word, and cyber is regrettably a verb for online sex chat, so... Anyway, more here.
K-cyber quarantine - taken from the Ministry of Science and ICT as the name for some sort of cybersecurity initiative
K-cybersecurity - mentioned properly on this ICT ministry page about the K-Cybersecurity Strategy, so that earns it a separate entry from K-cyber
K-cycle - seen on a sign at Dongincheon Station
K-daeju - taken from K-Daeju System, which is translated to K-major shareholder system; seen here with a space between words
K-daily life - coined in a presidential speech to mean "Korea's post-COVID-19 routine life model"
K-dance - comes from K-Dance Agency which offers K-Dance Camps; plus lots of KCC events like this
K-dance party - taken from a KCC Philippines event
K-Dancer - taken from this National Theater of Korea video and actually about traditional dance
K-Data - the abbreviated name of Korea Data Agency, hyphenated inconsistently including here
K-Day - taken from an event or events seen here and here; no relation to K-Days in Edmonton
K-defense - taken from K-Defense Forum seen here, as well as a Ministry of National Defense page that seems to forbid hotlinking, and also namedropped in another capacity here; also used widely as K-bangsan in places like here and this presidential speech, and K-gukbang (K-national defense) here
K-delivery - a video of the Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
K-delivery food - taken from a few sources, such as this Korean one and this government-run one. I was originally against adding this since "K-delivery" already exists, but they are separate things.
K-design - Taken from the K-Design Award
K-dessert - taken from this KTO page and this KOTRA page
K-developedia - a development resource
K-digi Print - taken from the Korean Digital Print & Solution Show which may be affiliated with K-Print
K-diet - taken from this KFRI book, with KOREAN DIE emblazoned across the top
K-digital - taken from KOCCA's K-Digital Content IR Event or K-Digital Content Showcase
K-digital credit - mentioned by the gender equality ministry here and by the employment ministry here
K-digital healthcare - mentioned here
K-digital learning - taken from this Cheong Wa Dae article, in what I initially thought was "K-digital running"
K-digital platform - mentioned by the employment ministry here
K-digital training - mentioned by the employment ministry here
k-dimensional - taken from graph theory, and crossed out because the k doesn't relate to Korea
K-disease control - one of the many terms to come out of pandemic measures, presented here as an English translation of K-bangyeok; also seen here and here
K-disinfection - used by KOCIS here, possibly as an English version of K-bangyeok or K-quarantine
K-display - from a report KOTRA posted about
K-DNA - taken from this eugenistic promotional video as well as this genetic code big data project
K-docs - taken from K-Docs Pitching Day, held in the Netherlands
K-doctor - taken from a medical tourism company which says K-Doctors is "a short term for Korean doctors
K-Dokdo - taken from this website
K-doll - taken partially from K Doll Fair which lacks a hyphen, but also K-Doll company
K-dosijaesaeng - meaning K-urban regeneration, it's taken from the K-Dosijaesang Healing Project, but no English translation has popped up yet; here's a MOFA mention
K-dragon - taken from whatever K-Dragon Corporation is, possibly a cafe
K-drama - used colloquially everywhere
K-dream - a youth support center mentioned with hyphen here, though it seems the K could stand for the Korean word for dream. Also seen at this government event and this plastic surgery agency
K-dress - an entry on the K-Ribbon Selection site, seeming to be a dress made by Damyeon which held a K-dress fashion show in 2013
K-drone - taken from K-Drone System, an "all-in-one drone management system... that will support drone registration, air traffic management and remote-controlled flights." Here is a Korean-language official site using it.
K-DVD - the name of a DVD bang in Hongdae photographed by me. The name appears outside as KDVD but the floor guide in the elevator says K-DVD
K-eco - name for Korea Environment Corporation, but also a The North Face campaign or product or something; K-Eco Down doesn't get its own entry, so stop sending me pictures of buses advertising it!
K-economic measures - taken from this UNDP event in cooperation with the Korean government
K-economy - used in a presidential speech as a name for Korea's post-COVID-19 economic revival model. UPDATE: the government has second-guessed use of the term and removed it from the site. Here is a Korean version that still mentions it, and here is another. I am going to keep it as K-economy rather than use the Korean hybrid phrase. EDIT: it has returned, here.
K-EDM - appears in a series of Arirang videos as well as seems to be the name of a festival or festivals
K-edu - previously the Korean Education and Culture Association and whatever this is but recently emerging as a buzzword, as seen here and in this English contribution by SMOE Superintendent Cho Hee-yeon where it is defined as "Korean-style education."
K-education - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia
K-educator - taken from the 2021 K-Educator Union mentioned in English here, originally coming from K-seonsaengnim but officially translated to K-Educator
K-edufine - taken from something named by the Ministry of Education I don't want to know more about.
K-EduTech - taken from a KOTRA event in Japan
K-entertainment - a category on this site presumably for Asian drug addicts and this site, and appears as a quote in this UPI article
K-entertainment industry - a term taken from this Yonhap-produced content
K-ESG - the Korean version of environmental, social, and corporate governance, announced by the trade ministry in HWP form, and reported in the media including here, and mentioned by the FKI here
K-ETA - an electronic travel authorisation offered by immigration; see the site here
K-etiquette - taken from this KCCI event
K-EV - from a report KOTRA posted about
K-event - a category at the 2019 Korea Festival in Indonesia
K-eVote - Korea Securities Depository (KSD) electronic voting system
K-excitement - chosen as a translation for K-heung by SNU, seen here; given its own separate entry because I don't agree with the translation
K-Exciting - appears to be an outdoor adventure store
K-exhibition - a category at the 2019 Korea Festival in Indonesia
K-experience - from a K-Experience Program held by KITA and the USO for new USFK arrivals
K-Explore - taken from this KCCI event
K-explorer - a Korean social media specialist seen in this KOCIS video
K-Expo - taken from the 2019 Newsis K-Expo in August 2019 as well as this event in 2018 run by "All That Korea" plus this one
K-facility - a label for national research facilities supporting research in pending issues
K-fall - taken from this KTO Singapore post
K-fam - part of the name of an online market
K-family - troubling government campaign about using family titles to strangers, also claims a Korean monopoly on family closeness, part of Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
K-fancam - a regular feature on KBS' official music channel
K-fan - taken from K-Fan K-Pop Tour, a tour agency; also mentioned here as something that could be an official name but might just be accidentally capitalised; also mentioned in this article
K-farm - taken from an event held at Kintex, as well as this program located in Daegeon City whose full name seems to be K-FARM NOORI Business which stands for Korea, Fun&Food, Agriculture, Relax, MICE&Medical, also K-fram
K-fashion - comes from a government publication
K-fave - taken from copy in the McDonald's Taste of Korea event
K-fellowship - mentioned in this NCC Nigeria post
K-festival - from this event held May 24-26, 2019
K-fever - taken from this K-Insider Challenge post by KCCI
K-fiction - a publication series from the Literature Translation Institute of Korea, also seen here
K-Fiddle - the name being promoted by a haegeum player in Canada, seen in a sponsored post on Facebook
K-film - taken from K-Film Nights as seen here at the Washington KCC which also uses K-cinema
K-filmfest - taken from the Online Korean Film Festival 2021 run by the KCC of the UAE; note the web address using K-filmfest, which now redirects to a page on moviebloc.com that somewhat buries the K- use
K-finance - Taken from the more widely used Korean term K-geumyung, which is translated here as "Korea Finance"
K-fine arts - mentioned on this culture ministry page
K-fire service - taken from this English contribution by the commissioner of the National Fire Agency, and talked about more here on how they plan to globalise the Korean fire industry, and appearing in a poster here; not to be confused with this
K-fish - Korean fishery national brand; there is also a K-Fish Fair. Also note this post about Jeju flatfish which claims basically "BTS is to K-pop what Jeju flatfish is to K-fish."
K-fitness - used in government coverage of a YouTube channel, and one of the events of Hallyu Con, mentioned but not explained here
K-flood - used in a few papers, such as this one by Korea Water Resources Association, citing an adaptive cut-cell grid based 2D inundation analysis model
K-flowers - mentioned in this event at KCC Indonesia
K-folk - taken from this KOCIS article about K-folk pop
K-food - comes from a government publication
K-foodies - taken from something being done by Unboxing-K, as well as this video by KCON which seems to be part of a series, and also mentioned by K-skin
K-forensic - so far only seen in Korean, apparently a collaborative program with Thailand, maybe others, on forensic science cooperation
K-forest - a term used by the Korea Forest Service in some videos and possibly as some sort of K-Forest New Deal as seen here, as well as a theme for this KCCI event
K-Forest Food - a trademarked national forestry brand seen on the Korea Forest Service site
K-format - Referring to TV show formats, taken from this post on KOCCA's website and this Korean content
K-founders - taken from this KIC Silicon Valley post which could be related to the K-Startup Grand Challenge
K-franchise - a term that appears frequently in a Korea Franchise Association document
K-frail - taken from the K-FRAIL scale, which is the "Korean version of the Fatigue, Resistance, Ambulation, Illnesses, and Loss of weight questionnaire"
K-fresh - taken from K-fresh zone, "Singapore's first dedicated area for Korean fresh produce"
K-fried chicken - located on the K-chicken section of the menu at YG Republique's pub
K-friends - taken from a KTO campaign
K-fun - an attraction at the K-Street Festival in the Philippines; the festival clearly meant "K-" but had a blank space, but that KOCIS article adds in the dash which is good enough
K-fusion - taken from a K-influencer video
K-future car - one of several K-industries mentioned in opening remarks by President Moon Jae-in at the 2022 Economic Policy Direction Briefing
K-GAAP - taken from KICPA's take on "generally accepted accounting principles" (GAAP)
K-games - abbreviated name for Korea Association of Game Industry
K-gaseum - meaning basically K-breast, taken from an episode of "Celeb Five: Behind the Curtain"
K-gastronomy - a feature at the K-Connected event in Canada, explained in more detail here
K-generic - related not to K-pop but to generic drugs, seen here; the English translation is always introduced as Korea-Generic as if the K- is in Korean
K-genre - taken from a Virtual K-Culture online cinema series titled "K-Genre Film"
K-geography - a recurring feature on the K-Odyssey website, with entries including this one
K-gifts - taken from a K-influencer video
K-ginseng - comes from marketing of K-Hongsam Coffee, with the primary English source being here where the hyphen is used inconsistently; there is also K-red ginseng
K-girls - the name of a K-pop girl group that didn't seem to get far, and also seen in K-Girls Day
K-global - taken from K-Global Smart Content Korea and other likely connected events such as K-Global@India, as well as K-Global Silicon Valley
K-global vaccine hub - referenced in a presidential speech, in phonetic English expressed in Korean
K-GMP - taken from the short name of the Korea Medical Industry Institute of
Goods Management Procedure
K-golf - popularly used to talk about Korean female golfers, but also the name of a golfing club
K-goods - mentioned in promotional materials about KCON, as seen here and here, and also mentioned in relation to the K-Expo here
K-gourmet - taken from K-Gourmet Road, a Gangnam-gu project that may not have happened as a follow-up to K-Star Street, named here with a hyphen
K-gongmaedo - Korean for K-naked short selling, this term has appeared in a Cheong Wa Dae petition as well as a few other sites like this one
K-goodie bag - mentioned as something given away by the KTO as part of this event
K-grandma - taken from this video on the KOCIS channel; "Want to meet trendy K-grandma?"
K-grape - mentioned here and here alongside K-berry and K-mush
K-green - taken from SK Innovation's PR campaign "Accelerate Korea to the K-Green"
K-Ground - the name of a global startup exchange and collaboration program, seen here on Facebook
K-gukbbong - Taken from a term that basically seems to be the domestic version of Koreaboo, someone who defends the country mercilessly, as seen here and here
K-growth - a name for the Korea Growth Investment Corp., which appears to be a fund manager
K-guesthouse - taken from at least two guesthouses, one in Dongdaemun and the other in Myeongdong
K-gym - taken from a picture provided by a friendly librarian, leading to several gyms using the name including this one
K-hackathon - the name of an event as seen hereand here
K-HAI - taken from the Korean version of the Housing Affordability Index; a bit specific but what a strange thing to slap a K- on; there is also a K-HOI, but I can't picture lolcats saying that
K-hair salon - taken from an event at K-beautycon, which itself barely didn't make it onto the K-Iceberg
K-hairstyle - taken from this "Large-scale Korean hairstyle dataset for virtual hair editing and hairstyle classification"
K-halal - taken from the Halal Media Korea website and also mentioned on the Arabic-language KTO website
K-Halloween - taken from this MOFA post
K-handmade - from K-Handmade Fair
K-hangul - taken from this website, and note that they also seem to use K-hangeul for all you MR fanatics
K-hansangcharim - translated unofficially to "Korean table setting," taken from a small mention in this KOCIS article
K-healing - taken from "Discover K-Healing," a title for a ceremony run by KOCIS, also mentioned here
K-health - seemingly connected with the Korea Health Promotion Institute; usually not hyphenated, but it is done so here, and also seen in this KCCI event
K-healthcare - a KOTRA program in China in 2015
K-heart - mentioned in Korean only but phonetic English on the Cheong Wa Dae website here clearly to mean a finger heart gesture; mentioned in English by KOCIS here
K-herb - seen in the name K-herb Research Center, and the URL of Korean Oriental Drug Association
K-Heritage - taken from K.Heritage which seems to be an online mall, and Korea Heritage Education Institute which stylises its name as K*Heritage, which doesn't have a website but has a Korea Times columnist who's pretty good, and also a term used for advertising Korea Grand Sale 2020; also seen in this K-heritagepedia video from K-Odyssey
K-heung - a term used exclusively so far to describe Leenalchi, seen here in English and here on SNU's website and here on MBC, and also mentioned in the copy for this Kellogg's K-pot commercial
K-hidden charms - taken from a K-influencer video
K-hip-hop - taken from the Korea Hiphop Festival K-Hiphop Award and the K-Hiphop Vision Proclamation, both by the Korea Hiphop Culture Association
K-hole - disqualified because K stands for ketamine, not Korea
K-homeconomy - a portmanteau used in this government-issued press release
K-Hope - taken from this religious event; thanks Pete
K-hops - taken from this Hongcheon-based social cooperative and this URL
K-horror - mentioned on the Argentina KCC site in reference to horror films (terror coreano)
K-hospital - name for an annual fair on Korean hospitals
K-hot dog - taken from this KCCNY video to describe the exact same thing as the K-corn dog
K-hotel - taken from The-K Hotel, of which the hyphen appears properly only in the website URL
K-hot food - seen at a promotional stand in Lotte World Seoul Station, photographed here in 2016
K-house - taken from this YouTube video, which has questionable notability, but it's surprising this entry hasn't popped up elsewhere already
K-ice - an international expo for the cooling industry
K-icecream - taken from this KOTRA document
K-ICT - taken from the K-ICT Born2Global Center; read more here; also from the K-ICT Big Data Center and the K-ICT Dream Zone
K-idea - an acronym for Korea Internet & Digital Entertainment Association which I believe is an earlier name for K-Games
K-IFRS - a Korean version of the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), in order to prepare for the tightening of accounting rules
K-Illustration - taken from K-Illustration Fair Seoul which seems connected to K-Handmade
K-imaging - taken from the Korea Cardiovascular Interventional Imaging Forum
K-incentive - a KTO contest with the prize being an incentive tour to Korea; see the title of this page
K-indie - colloquially used mostly on K-pop websites talking about non-K-pop Korean music to make the K-pop industry take credit for it, and seen in this site
K-industry - taken from this event and also taken from this MOTIE post
K-infectious disease - mentioned by the defense ministry somewhat carelessly
K-influencer - taken from K-Influencer, a multi-channel network run by KOCIS, and I think different from this; and can we appreciate the misspelling of "ceremoany" here
K-initiative - taken from the "K-Initiative Consultative Group" which seems to be mentioned only in this article
K-innovation - a publication of some kind offered by Kumho Petrochemical; also seen in Samsung Asset Management¡¯s "KODEX K-Innovation Active ETF" as mentioned by the site kbanker and also mentioned here and also the K-Innovation Expo
K-insider - taken from the K-Insider Challenge which seems to be an event series at the KCC India
K-insurance - seen in the name K-Insurance Capital Standard by the Financial Services Commission; also abbreviated to K-ICS but the K-Iceberg's gotta have some standards
K-Intangible Heritage - taken from the K-Intangible Heritage Festival
K-international - an automotive spare parts exporter
K-internet - Taken from the logo and URL of the Korea Internet Corporations Association; note that instead of a hyphen they use a Wi-Fi-type symbol
K-interview - taken from a K-influencer video
K-invention - taken from this KOCCA page as well as used in Korean in this KT&G page
K-IP - taken from the K-IP Wave seen in this download
K-Islam - used by this site run by a controversial influencer
K-ISMS - a Korean certification for Information Security Management Systems
K-issue - a feature on YTN Korean's YouTube channel; usually not hyphenated but here's one where they let it slip
K-jaejoeop - translating to K-manufacturing, used in reference to the COVID-19 era, but as far as I can tell more about reshoring rather than manufacturing anything related to the virus; seen here and here
K-jazz - a term widely attributed to Winterplay's Juhan in 2012
K-jeondongcha - meaning electric train, mentioned by President Moon here and in the description of this YouTube video during his visit to Egypt's Korea-built electric train
K-jewelry - unknown
K-jindan kit - taken from a term for a diagnostic kit termed as part of the K-bangyeok wave as seen here among many other places
K-jobs - a group of job-networking social service consultants, as well as from Korea International Students Union's K-Job Mentoring series including this video and EPS-TOPIK K-Job
K-Joseon - taken from "K-Joseon Vision" in a presidential speech referenced here,
here, and actually translating to K-shipbuilding when compared to this presidential speech
K-junghaksaeng - translated unofficially to "middle school student," it seems to be a term used widely to refer to schoolkids, possibly mainly when they do nice things
K-junta - taken from a statistics thing that has nothing to do with Korea, so appears on the K-Iceberg crossed off
K-jusagi - A Korean-only term so far translating to K-syringe, referring to the low dead space syringe that was expected to take the world by storm, but has only caused confusion
K-karaoke - a feature of the K-Community Festival 2019 apparently run by Daebak Korea, mentioned here and here
K-kids - taken from this KCC Indonesia video
K-kimchi - from a report KOTRA posted about
K-knowledge - mentioned in this event at KCC Indonesia
K-lab - the name for "the global technology leader for scan head laser welding systems" as well as a short film series as part of Korea Week Cinema 2021
K-Label - taken from the Korea Label Show which may be affiliated with K-Print
K-labor - an abbreviation of Kang Nam Labor Law Firm seen in the site's URL and copyright information
K-ladies - taken from the K-Ladies Jazz Orchestra mentioned by the culture ministry
K-lager - taken from a quote about Hanmac made by an OB vice president, and also used in social media posts such as here
K-language - taken from this KCC Indonesia video, among others
K-law - mentioned on the website for the Korea Law Translation Center
K-leading men - Used in a Philippine Star article that was republished by KOCIS
K-League - disqualified because real name not hyphenated, but used with the hyphen so much even by government agencies as seen here that it gets to go in again (worth noting that Sangju Sangmu FC is most likely considered directly under the MND umbrella which increases notability strength of its post)
K-Lecture - a lecture series at the Korean Cultural Center in Washington, DC
K-life - taken from an information website that seems geared toward immigrants to Korea
K-lifestyle - taken from the Korean Beauty & Lifestyle Products Showcase 2018 run by Korea International Trade Association as well as a category on this online mall, and mentioned on this government page
K-light - taken from this K-Influencer video where I suspect it is intended to stand for "highlight" or "spotlight"
K-liquor - seen in this product, which I found while searching for K-bojagi
K-lit - a popular abbreviation of K-literature, most prominently used in the essay "K-Lit in the age of Korean Cool" from the Asia House journal, which is no longer visible on the site but seen here
K-literature - comes from a government publication
K-live - a performance hall featuring K-pop holographic (not live) performances
K-live commerce - mentioned here as part of K-Sale
K-logistics - mentioned by the land ministry here
K-loop - used in this article titled "Down the 'K' rabbit hole" which came so close to giving us K-rabbit hole; made notable due to reposting on the KOCIS website
K-Lospam - Taken from a packaging design of a knockoff Spam brand made with Korean pig
K-lounge - taken from this site but not this one
K-love - the title for a trashy-sounding romance novel based on K-drama cliches
K-lover - used in this document to refer to Koreaboos, and used in event names like this and this. Here's evidence of an event using the term that the ministry can't delete.
K-Maestro - mentioned as the name of a program at the National Gugak Center
K-magazine - a Hallyu magazine made in Mexico with some affiliation to the Mexican KCC
K-magic - taken from a KCC event; also note there is a "Magic: the Gathering" store called K-MTG with the M meaning Magic, though that doesn't qualify on its own
K-maker - taken from the K-Maker Project, which was an initiative of the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning and also mentioned here and on many university websites; as well as here and here
K-mall - unknown but possibly this online store, or more likely this seen at the Winter Olympics in Gangneung
K-manhwa - seems synonymous with webtoon, but UW seems to favour this term seen here and here
K-marine - taken from a marine business company
K-market - an event run by the Ministry of SMEs and Startups, also used in this economy ministry document to indicate specific types of markets of other K-brand properties
K-martial arts - taken from at least three martial arts studios, admittedly only one of which hyphenates
K-mart - disqualified, because Kmart is not hyphenated or Korean
K-mas - taken not from the Korean version of Memory Assessment Scales, but from Christmas advertising such as this video by KITA for K-mall with Kard and this K-Mas Live Market, also seen here run by the SMEs ministry; a petition protesting this on the Cheong Wa Dae website gathered 4,318 signatures as of the time of discovery
K-mask - taken from this inevitably branded KF94 mask of The-pureun Corporation
K-meal - a project or business plan mentioned in several MAFRA documents such as this one
K-meat - after consideration, I've accepted Kmeat, even though their logo is clearly one word unhyphenated -- however, the sign on their very dilapidated building in Noryangjin-dong has a black mark that resembles a hyphen unintentionally
K-medi - branding used by Seoul K-Medi Center, which I think may also be the same organisation that wanted to use the branding "Ko-medi." Also used by the Korea Medical Dispute Mediation and Arbitration Agency. And there's the K-medi Festival
K-medic - yet another mask brand
K-medical - taken from K-euiryo, which KOTRA is using as seen here, and I've decided to translate it as K-medical based on this, though I'm not sure if they're all referring to the same thing as there is also this and this
K-medical beautician - taken from this post by Kyungpook National University. Despite being written in Korean, it is phonetically English.
K-medical tourism - taken from the K-medical tourism association
K-medicine - unknown, but believed there is a source unrelated to K-medi; also used at a KCC Indonesia event
K-medical literature - a term used by a plastic surgeon publishing fictional novels with medical themes, seen here and here
K-meditation - taken from a Global Cyber University video series starting with this one
K-meetup - from a KOTRA event
K-memories - taken from this K-nnected Forever event by the KCC Philippines
K-merce - a KTF mobile commerce service, seen in The Korea Times way back in June 6, 2002, and notable for not prefixing the K, but having it substitute for letters in the word. The website is dead, but here's an existing source.
K-mesh - a type and brand of mask, seen
K-metaverse - taken from the K-Metaverse Awards which are mentioned this way here in English, and also seen here as part of something else, and also floated as a buzzword here
K-MICE - a term used by the Korea MICE Bureau and found in its web address
K-micro energy grid - taken from this website
K-milk - a brand introduced exhaustively here
K-minjujuui (democracy in English) - taken from the title of a book, only seen in Korean so far
K-Mobility - taken from K-Mobility Startup Pitch Day
K-model - referenced in a presidential speech here; also very obviously the name of a modeling agency which doesn't meet the formatting requirements
K-mom - an alternate name of the Korean company Mother-K providing baby products
K-momentum - a publication of some kind offered by Kumho Petrochemical
K-monitor - a Hungarian organisation that uses technology and research to unveil corruption; crossed off due to not standing for Korea, as far as I can tell, although note that it's shouted out on this KCC Hungary page
K-Monster - I'd been on the fence about this one, an "international talent solutions provider," because the name is more of a nonsequitur; but they've been spamming me with low-quality job offers even in my home country, so here it is added now. Although it is usually Kmonster or K Monster, this poster has the hyphenated K-Monster.
K-MOOC - a website for online courses, brilliantly called K-Mook by Sejong Cyber University and by imedialife which would be a very different thing
K-motions - a festival held in Russia in connection with a film festival. Best guess is they're meaning "motion picture" but the poster offers another possibility. Barely makes the list due to some difficulty understanding
K-mountains - unknown
K-move - a government organisation for helping Koreans find employment overseas, while painting this as part of Korea's rising status
K-movie - comes from a government publication, titled used over the more natural sounding K-film or K-cinema
K-mRNA - taken from the K-mRNA Consortium being talked about by the health ministry, as seen here
K-mulberry - a bizarre mask brand certified by the Korea Mulberry Assc.
K-museum - taken from this site about an event at the KCC UAE
K-mush - the name of the Korea Mushroom Export Marketing Board, mentioned here and here alongside K-berry and K-grape; also appears in both languages here
K-music - from the name of a music festival held by the KCCUK that probably had to cope with the obstacle that it wasn't presenting K-pop
K-musical - taken from the K-Musical Road Show run by the Korea Arts Management Service (KAMS), as well as the K-Musical Tour offered by the Seoul Tourism Organization, and from this entry
K-musuems - taken from this post on the culture ministry site, and if they can't be bothered to spell it correctly, neither can I
K-myeongsang - a romanisation (I don't use Hangeul on this site for coding reasons) of a term that would seem to translate to K-meditation (which doesn't exist yet in that language). News sources are here and here among several others. Seems to be embraced by a highly controversial "new religion" here
K-namul - a term used on this Instagram account
K-networking - taken from the K-Networking Dinner (by invitation only) event at K-Tech Silicon Valley
K-New Deal - A buzzword that has been mentioned frequently in the Korean-language media and by Cheong Wa Dae, though only once in English on a Japanese site, and here in English
K-New Leaders - a series of events like this one offered by the KCC New York
K-news - taken from a video series of this YouTube channel which seems to be run by Yonhap.
K-nights - taken from a series of videos such as this one that is mentioned on VANK's site, as well as being close enough to this K-Night event
K-nnected - taken from this event by the KCC Philippines; note that they also use the term "K-nnections" which I won't include for now
K-noodle - a term used mainly on a Singaporean online mall as seen here, as well as this very thorough YouTube channel of instant noodle commercials
K-norm - a term used here and here by one notable professor
K-nuclear power - uttered by Yoon Suk-yeol
K-ocean route - taken from this Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries initiative mentioned in the media here
K-Odyssey - taken from this website name which appears to be the work of Yonhap
K-old & new - taken from a K-influencer video
K-ontemporary - taken from MVIO, seen here; notable for not prefixing the K, but having it substitute for letters in the word.
K-opera - referenced several times in an interview with the Korean National Opera
K-OST - taken from this KOCIS article with OST short for "original soundtrack"
K-OTC - a market for over-the-counter (OTC) medicine, run by KOFIA
K-Otic - the name of a Thai idol group with one Korean member
K-Pack - taken from the Korea Print Package Show which may be affiliated with K-Print
K-packet - an EMS-like delivery service offered by Korea Depart(ment Store)
K-pan - taken from the Korean Pansori Promotion Agency, which I guess doesn't have enough faith in its product to go full K-pansori
K-paper - the name of a this ATEEZ video
K-parts - an automotive parts exporter that has survived longer than K-Tuning and K-Spare
K-passport - comes from "Explore Korea with K-Passport" which seemed to be the theme of 2019 Korea Festival in Indonesia
K-patchwork - taken from this post about a jogakbo exhibition
K-patents - belongs to a US patent company, which seems to have an office in Korea, but also found in this link where it is part of a longer name
K-PAV - comes from an event at COEX in October 2020, for K-personal air vehicles
K-Penguin - used in promotional material for Pengsoo, a penguin character intended to replace Pororo
K-people - a Europe-based recruitment agency for Korean workers that seems connected to K-Move, as well as a category on this site and one of the categories on the K-Souvenir website where the only current post is about Chung Hyeon in 2018
K-Pepsi - taken from this
K-performance - taken from an event run by the KTO in Malaysia in July 2019
K-performing arts - a term used at a number of KCC events, including KCCLA and KCCUK and mentioned on this culture ministry page
K-pet - taken from K-Pet Fair, an event held at Ilsan Kintex and Songdo Convensia in 2019, as well as a trade event called K-Pet Mission organised by the Canadian Trade Commissioner Service
K-PET - a K-eco program for recycling polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles; not to be mistaken with K-pet/K-Pet. There is also a K-rPET where the r means recycled, but meh.
K-petro - abbreviation for the Korea Petroleum Quality & Distribution Authority
K-pharma - taken from K-Pharma Academy, a government-to-government program, and talked about by the health ministry also here
K-phile - a programme or video series produced by Arirang
K-pitch - taken from this KIC Silicon Valley post which could be related to the K-Startup Grand Challenge
K-place - taken from the KTO site, to mean "Fresh, unique tourist sites that seamlessly combine the tradition with modernity" but it uses a picture of the DDP with this concept
K-plastic surgery - taken from here, the K-plastic surgery hospital, another K-Plastic Surgery Hospital in busan, and here
K-platform - mentioned in this book as a project of the Park Geun-hye administration, as well as a more recent initiative that seems to be to make a sort of K-YouTube, reported here and here among others, plus this
K-poet - a poetry book series by Asia Publishers
K-police - seen in the K-Police Wave, and the creation of a K-Police Wave Center, plus this event
K-policy - taken from the K-Policy Platform and mentioned in the description of this finance ministry YouTube video in Korean
K-polytech - mentioned very briefly here
K-pop - pretty obvious, the start of it all
K-popular - a radio show that was on TBS eFM
K-populism - comes from the title of this book
K-pork - a brand of made-in-Korea pork
K-Portal - taken from K-Portal Meet, whatever that is
K-Pot - taken from this Kellogg's commercial which romanises a Korean word this way, although maybe "pat" would have been better as this is the same syllable as in patbingsu, but oh well
K-power - seems to refer to one or multiple companies. K Power has no hyphen, disqualifying it, but Bloomberg mentions a possibly different company whose website has vanished, and this site mentions a power plant in Gwangyang, which seems to be a joint venture between SK Corporation and BP. Ryan has this picture too. Also pronounced in this World Affairs Council of Atlanta presentation as the combination of K-pop, K-food, and K-drama.
K-PPP - standing for Korea Public-Private Partnership, and taken from this wiki site that sees fit to include entries for only this, K-musical, K-IFRS, K-Voting, K-OTC, and K-pop
K-premium brand - used in this economy ministry report as the goal of fostering 15 promising consumer goods brands
K-Prevention - taken from the Presidential Council on Intellectual Property document somehow dated to 2019 that refers to "K-Prevention against COVID-19" being "acknowledged as a successful model" which certainly was true for 2019
K-print - from K-Print Week, a trade show whose full name is Korea International Printing Machinery & Equipment Show
K-products - unknown but used for the K-Product Roadshow Moscow by the Ministry of SMEs and Startups
K-promotion - taken from this office, as well as various articles talking about the process of K-promoting things as seen here
K-pub - a pub run by YG Republique in Malaysia
K-Pungnyu - taken from this Korean Culture Day event that notably uses Hanja instead of Korean or English
K-pungsu jiri - taken from the K-Pungsu Jiri Academy and also mentioned on MBN Entertainment
K-punk - after only seeing this term in use in media that didn't meet notability standards, the KCCUK's mention of it to promote Drinking Boys and Girls Choir is enough for its addition
K-pyeonghwa - taken from K-Pyeonghwa Concert; no use of K-peace found so far
K-quarantine - it appears in this YTN broadcast English title, as well as an event KITA is promoting and a presidential speech that also mentions K-daily life. Update: Cheong Wa Dae has rethought the term and removed it, but it is still used in a Yonhap article. This Bangkok Post article mentions K-quarantine, as well as K-testing, K-element, and K-manicure, none of which meet notability yet. There is also a K-Quarantine Expo that makes clear K-Bangyeok and K-Quarantine are supposed to be the same thing.
K-quiz - taken from a KCC Indonesia event
K-rack - Taken from this hard drive product
K-radiation - a new type of kryptonite, taken from "All-Star Superman" issue 4; crossed out due to K not standing for Korea (or Kristian)
K-ramyeon - taken from this KOCIS poster
K-rangers - a marketing term related to K-ride on TBS eFM
K-ranking - taken from a KTO Singapore event
K-rap - referred to in this article, but for obvious terms usually K-hip-hop is favoured
K-RE100 - The Korean version of the campaign to move toward 100 percent renewable energy, as seen here and in English here
K-realty - taken from at least one real estate company (that site is gone but a K-realty is referenced in this KT document)
K-recipe - taken from the K-Recipe Guide at KCCLA and this K-influencer video
K-recollection - taken from a virtual artist talk held by KCCDC which includes this event
K-regenerative medicine - taken from this health ministry site that translates the original Korean phrase to English as Korea-Advanced Regenerative Medicine, but we'll go with this English article's translation
K-REIT - from the name of an investment management company specialising in real estate
K-religion - unknown
K-renewables - taken from the Krenewables which occasionally uses K-Renewables, as seen here and here
K-report - taken from this Korea Enterprise Data website, which uses the K- format in some cases
K-respiratory system - taken from this policy article which mentions K-cancer, with this and K-cardiovascular all being related to big data collection
K-restaurant - taken from K-Restaurant Week offered by the KCC in Paris
K-review - taken from a K-influencer video
K-ribbon - taken from K-Ribbon Selection, a collection of Korean cultural products as organised by the culture ministry
K-rice - unknown, but nominated on 20190518, so probably something I saw in Namdaemun
K-ride - a radio show on TBS eFM
K-river - the name for the Korea River Information System of K-water, also seen here
K-riverside - a proposed addition to Gangnam's "K-Road Project" that may not have come to be
K-roads - used for the cover story for an issue of Korea Magazine, published by the culture ministry, despite my urging not to. Also possibly used in K-Road Project, related to creating destination roads around Hallyu Star Street in Gangnam. Also this KBS World content.
K-robot - taken from a company name, "the Home for Robots Breeding"
K-rock - used frequently in colloquial sites, but mentioned sparingly officially, including in this release for Hello Mr. K!" Global K-Culture Concert
K-rookies - a program run by KOCCA to give new bands a chance for...something?
K-rose - taken from this ramyeon product by Samyang
K-route expedition unit - an Antarctic expedition unit of the Korea Polar Research Institute
K-rum - taken from this product
K-safe dance - taken from the K-Safe Dance Challenge run by KCC Philippines
K-safety - from K-Safety Expo, held at Kintex in September 2019, seemingly alongside K-Consafety Expo
K-sale - taken from K-Sale Day, an attempt to spur consumer spending by somehow repeating the success of events like Black Friday or Korean Sale Festa; another event is mentioned here in reference to this which usually isn't hyphenated
K-samgyetang - a proposed joint venture to export samgyetang to China mentioned by MAFRA and granted a K-Ribbon Award
K-satellite - taken from a quote in a KOCIS article
K-sauce - from this press release which also mentions K-chicken and makes frequent mention of K-food
K-Sauna - a video of the Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
K-school - a school at KAIST combining entrepreneurship and engineering education, created in 2016 by what Kakao Translate translates to the Ministry of Creation Science (really the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning), as well as this movie
K-school uniform - Taken from this company
K-scissors - a cringeworthy ad made by the Korean government for its "I Like K" K-series campaign
K-sculpture - taken from Plastic Art Seoul which mentions the term here; while the term doesn't seem to appear in the festival's official literature, the reporter assured me an organiser she interviewed used that term in a phone conversation
K-SDGs - the Korean version of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as branded by the Ministry of Environment
K-seafood - comes from K-Seafood Global Weeks run by K-Fish and one by KITA and the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, and also mentioned in relation to the K-Expo here
K-security - taken from K-Security Business Meeting intended to help Korean security companies penetrate the Indonesian market, hosted by the ICT ministry and organised by KISA
K-seed - taken from K-Seed Valley which was established to help the Korean seed industry.
K-semiconductor - taken from the government's K-semiconductor belt strategy, reported all over, including here, and mentioned in connection with Moon Jae-in
"here" which seems to be interchangeable with K-Chip
K-sensor - taken from K-sensor taskforce mentioned by the finance ministry here
K-series - taken from the three "I Like K" videos like this one, but appears in other interesting places such as this one
K-Service - A medical program by KOTRA that seems to be connected with K-Healthcare
K-shamanism - a performance held on Oct. 3, 2016
K-shaped recovery - Taken from an economic term that doesn't represent Korea, but has become talked about enough here that it is K-Iceberg-worthy.
K-shebang - a bit of wordplay in a Sydney Morning Herald article republished by KOCIS
K-shield - the name of this site run by KISA and the Ministry of Science and ICT, which is tied with this
K-shipbuilding - taken from the K-Shipbuilding Alliance, which is usually expressed K-Alliance, but mentions are made here and here
K-shoes - taken from K-Shoes Center, a "cultural and business hub for the local footwear industry" run by the Busan city government
K-shopping - taken from "Best Way to K-Shopping," found in the title and metadata for 11st's global page
K-Short film - mentioned as part of the K-Cineflex documentary series produced by Arirang and KOFIC
K-shuttle - a "foreigner-only national bus tour" program
K-side dish - a video of the Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
K-sign - taken from K-Sign & Ad, probably another trade show affiliated with K-Print
K-sing - taken from an event at the KCC in Indonesia
K-skin - taken from the name of a cosmetics shop based in the Philippines
K-smartfactory - taken from the K-smartfactory which seems to have a lot of events overseas
K-smart city - there have been references to a K-Smart City theme pushed by the Korean government
K-smart construction technology - mentioned by the land ministry here
K-smart farm - a smart farm project in West Asia, mentioned here and here
K-smart logistics - taken from this site which links this video
K-Smile - campaign by the KTO for Visit Korea Year, which lasted from 2016 to 2018
K-snack - located on the menu at YG Republique's pub and this deal, as well as this K-influencer video
K-soap opera - used mostly colloquially as a synonym for K-drama; mentioned in promotional materials about KCON, as seen here
K-social brands - the name of a KOTRA event in New York
K-society - taken the name of a French online magazine about Hallyu, mentioned by KOCIS here
K-soft power - mentioned by the finance ministry in Korean but phonetically English here
K-software - taken from K-Software Forum also mentioned here
K-solar - taken from the K-Solar League also mentioned by Krenewables
K-Solution - taken from the K-Solution Fair as seen here and here
K-sool - website now defunct and visible through Wayback Machine or Facebook; unknown whether this was a government effort
K-Sori - taken from this KBS show, which is inconsistently hyphenated and appears in English here
K-sound - Taken from the K-Sound Library, mentioned here as a government organisation
K-souvenir - taken from the National Souvenir Center website
K-Spare - an online automotive parts distributor, now seemingly defunct
K-Speech - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia
K-spirit - Used on this site; note the k-spirit in the email address. Also used in this short video which laments "our nation has lost its own spirit and traditional culture by socialism and foreign religion" and this KTO page which defines it as "Infinite creativity and passion that defines Korea and Koreans"; also mentioned in a very different context in the form of this Lotte Chilsung event
K-sponomics - taken from the K-Sponomics Forum, which I guess combines sports and economics?
K-Sports - a shady foundation set up by Choi Soon-sil to funnel money extorted from chaebols, also comes from a government publication
K-spot - mentioned in KBS World's "K-Road" coverage seen here, as well as this KOCIS event
K-spray - an event way back in 2005 related to graffiti
K-square - Taken from the name of this event by the Korean embassy in Singapore as well as this building name
K-ssam - taken from this post by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Supporters
K-Ssireum - taken from a KOCIS article that claims "K-ssireum is following in K-pop's footsteps."
K-stage - a video of the Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government, as well as in Korean as K-mudae over here and this post from Korea Tourism ANZ
K-stans - taken from a KCC Philippines video about Koreaboos there
K-Star - taken from K-Star Road in Gangnam and a series of Chinese-language videos titled "Catering for K-STAR", but also worth noting KSTAR is the acronym for the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research, a magnetic fusion device in Daejeon.
K-startup - taken from K-Startup Grand Challenge; also apparently an agency of the Ministry of SMEs and Startups, as well as this K-Startup Week ComeUp 2019 event
K-statistics - a menu item on the Korea International Trade Association website, which forwards to a K-Stat website
K-steel - taken from possibly multiple companies, the latter of which explicitly mentions becoming "a hit on the scale of K-pop"
K-stock - taken from this YouTube channel which uses it in English and this Kiwoom Securities video which uses it in English
K-store - the name used on the KOCIS website, which has a section for videos and another for publications, and all of it seems to be for free
K-story - an event at the KCC in Japan
K-storytelling - taken from the K-Storytelling World Tour Project, which The Korea Times covered here, and appeared in print with the K-Storytelling in the headline
K-street - taken from K-Street Festival run by the Korean Cultural Center in the Philippines
K-streetbets - Taken from an investor scheme by something called Hantuyeon, as seen here and in English here, not to mention on /r/wallstreetbets here
K-street food - comes from a KOCIS publication
K-Studio - taken from YoungLimWon Soft Lab's site as well as a reported feature of KCC Philippines
K-study - a business run seemingly by a private individual offering various content including a YouTube channel
K-style - comes from a government publication as well as K-Style Hub and Sparkling K-Style
K-subway - an ad made by the Korean government as part of its "I Like K" K-series campaign
K-summer - taken from the "Perfect K-Summer City" promotion, which I can only find mention of on the KOCIS website
K-sundae - was coined arising out of a dispute over food contamination at Jinseong Food, whose leader apologised and said he would "pioneer the era of globalisation of K-sundae" -- it's very unfortunate the Korean word romanises to the name of an ice cream treat
K-supporters - taken from supporters at the Korean Cultural Center in Hong Kong I guess
K-Swiss - a well-known apparel company, currently under ownership of Korea's Eland World
K-System - taken from YoungLimWon Soft Lab's site
K-Taekwondo - taken from this KCC Indonesia video
K-talk - taken from a KCC Indonesia event, but might have mistaken this instead of K-talkshow
K-Talkshow - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia
K-taste - taken from this Korean Air magazine (starting page 25) which seems to use it as a section name; also introduced here
K-tattoos - taken from an Arirang News report, and also referenced by Ryu Ho-jeong as reported here too in a way that contrasts its cultural worth with the industry's outlaw status
K-Taxi - seen on the side of a taxi one day
K-taxonomy - Taken from several Financial Services Commission press releases such as this one
K-tea - taken from K-Tea Festival, an alternate name for the Myung Won World Tea Expo held at COEX
K-Team - taken from this article which also mentions K-steel, possibly just as marketing content, as well as Dongwha K-Team
K-tech - taken from the K-Tech events in Silicon Valley, I believe under the future planning ministry
K-tech fair - taken from a KITA event
K-Technology - seems to be the name for this company, which is confusingly laid out and may also be called Maxpower; also seen in the poster for this K-Square embassy event
K-tel - taken from this company name
K-Telco - a term used widely in this KT document. As KT is Korea Telecom, K-Telco is an equivalent to that name. But this term comes from K-Telco Score, a "financial intelligence solution."
K-test bed - mentioned by the finance ministry
K-textile - taken from the Korea Textile Show which may be affiliated with K-Print
K-theater - taken from a KCC event in which they watch a video apparently
K-Tigers - taken from K-Tigers Zero, an obscure K-pop group
K-TIRADS - a medical thing involving thyroid imaging from the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology
K-together - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia
K-tomato - taken from a produce brand which seems to be separate from this one; starting to notice a rising tendency to translate the K- to Korean "kei" for whatever reason
K-toons - mentioned as a thing in this article which is linked prominently enough by KOCIS
K-tour - a category on this site and almost realised in this site, and mentioned here and on this government website
K-town - a K-pop column or section in Billboard, and named in a presidential speech in reference to the K-Wave and Halal Show in Malaysia; also mentioned here
K-trade - taken from Trade Week 2021 which has the slogan "With Seoul, K-Trade goes global"
K-tradition - a video of the Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
K-traditional - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia, as well as this site and the KCC in Japan which says it's K-traditional time
K-traditional arts - mentioned on this culture ministry page
K-traditional dance - taken from this event
K-traditional games - taken from a program offered at the KCC Hong Kong to offer events so Chinese people can experience Korea's version of the Lunar New Year
K-training - taken from this fitness week at Kintex
K-TRap - taken from a pretty awful word coined to mean "Korean Traditional Rap," rather than coming from trap music or this rapper
K-travel - taken from K-Travel Bus, or K-Tavel Bus according to one popup at that site right now
k-tree - taken from graph theory, and crossed out because the k doesn't relate to Korea
K-trend - popped up in the cover of "Trend Korea 2013," which also features the laborious acrostic "COBRA TWIST." Also seen in this cosmetic company name and this tour program, as well as this KTO campaign and mentioned by OED
K-trivia - taken from a video series by the KCC Philippines, one of which is here
K-trot - taken from the English title of SBS show K-Trot in Town and also appearing at this KCC Nigeria event
K-Tune - an agency or platform or something said to be "your gateway to becoming a K-Pop producer"
K-Tuning - an online shopping mall for automotive tuning parts, now seemingly defunct
K-TV show - a category on the Seoul Tourism Organization page
K-Twin Towers - a variation on the name The-K Twin Towers
K-UAM - taken from the K-UAM Grand Challenge, reported on by KOCIS here, and also MOLIT's Korean Urban Air Traffic Roadmap, even though UAM stands for urban air mobility (meaning flying cars), and there's a K-UAM Confex
K-uihoe - taken from this National Assembly event; hasn't appeared in English as K-Assembly yet
K-uiz - taken from the KTO "K-uiz Show" contest which "cleverly" swaps out the Q in quiz for a K
K-unboxing - taken from this Arirang show; may be paired with K-box
K-UNESCO - taken from a YouTube series, made notable by this posting on the KOCIS channel
K-unicorn - taken from what is referred to as the K-Unicorn Project, a unicorn startup support program by the government, and mentioned by President Moon
K-update - referenced by Oxford English Dictionary in its explanation about a number of Korean words, which includes K- itself
K-value creators - taken from I guess a content maker that made a video with KCCLA
K-vaccine - taken from this Arirang report mentioning the "K-vaccine hub vision"
K-variety show - taken from this KTO Singapore post
K-vegan - taken from the K-Vegan Business Forum, which is mentioned here and here
K-Venture - taken from a Cheong Wa Dae event but note that it's K+Venture, and supposed to mean "K Add Venture"; also spotted in ChungCheong K-VENTURE Fair which is used in branding of products like this one
K-veteran - a couple events meant to thank Korean War veterans, such as K-Veteran Star and K-Veteran mask; notably hasn't been seen in English yet but "bo-hoon" obviously translates to veteran
K-vibe - taken from K-Vibe Concert, which also mentions K-randombox which was too unclear to use
K-vidanji - taken from a series of silk paper products like this one
K-video - a category on this site
K-visa - a visa info platform app
K-vlog - taken from a K-influencer video and seen in this KCCI contest
K-vote - taken from this page run by the Korea securities Depository
K-voting - online voting system
K-Voucher - taken from this site offered by the SMEs ministry
K-Vox - taken from K-Vox Festival, apparently a pansori competition in France
K-walk-thru - a booth developed by a small company to offer walk-in testing. No K-drive-thru yet, and let's pretend we didn't see K-work-thru. Mentioned here and here in case the government tries to erase it.
K-water - government utility agency
K-water cannon - taken from a protest widely reported, such as here, that seems to be claiming Thai police are using water cannons on protesters, in seeming connection with the K-Police Wave.
K-wave - commonly seen all over as an abbreviation of Korean wave, but here's a Korean language school in the Philippines and here's seemingly the 59th video in a K-wave video series with YTN, and here's the K-Wave and Halal Show in Malaysia which Moon Jae-in joined
K-waxing - one abbreviation for International Korea Waxing Festival
K-weapon - taken from the term "K-Weapon Source" used by the Ministry of National Defense, best seen on the MND's YouTube channel in videos like these that seem to exist to provide open-source footage rather than to demonstrate weapon effectiveness
K-weather - a privatized company formerly known as Korea Weather Association under Korea Meteorological Administration; has rebranded itself, though uses hyphen inconsistently
K-webtoon - used in media, also seen in this website that seems to be a database or search engine for webcomics; note also this headline mentioning K-cartoon which can "penerate global audience." Also seen on the KOCIS site.
K-wedding - taken from a proposal to create a K-Wedding Town resort, and an experience program offered by the KTO for Malaysians
K-week - taken from events as seen here and here
K-wellness - from the Korea Wellness Industry Association website URL as well as promotion of "K-wellness tourism" as seen here and heavily favoured by Hapcheon's tourism agency.
K-wetland - taken from Korean Wetlands Society although note that the only use of the K- is in its oddly unofficial-looking Naver email address. I am also currently using only this entry to represent K-getbol probably created in response to this new UNESCO site, even though they aren't perfectly the same thing. There is also the World Heritage Promotion Team of Korean Tidal Flat that uses ktidalflats in its URL, which could make this entry much more confusing very soon
K-white - taken from K-White Glow, a whitener marketed toward Filipinos; they also have K-Bright Glow which encourages you to "Whip it!"
K-wind - taken from a Korean cultural performance seen here with mention of K-TRap, and over here happening in Australia.
K-wings - a Korean fried chicken product available in Japan
K-winter - a promotional word used sparingly in a Korea Grand Sale event
K-Wongyeok-kyoyuk - translates to K-remote learning, it refers to efforts to spread Korean distance learning methods to other countries; seen here
K-word chain - taken from a game-based K-influencer video series, seen here
K-workroom - taken from this shop in Yeonhee-dong; note that the sign at the place does use the needed hyphen format
K-world - from K-World Festa as well as Hotel K-World and this card and also mentioned in this article
K-X UCAV - taken from the name of a stealth unmanned combat aerial vehicle made by KAI
K-yanggukhwa - Meaning K-polarisation, it is mentioned in this Cheong Wa Dae post as well as this labour news article
K-yard - the name for the Korean Smart Yard, something to do with shipyards I think
K-yeast - taken from this post
K-yecheneung - A term for a type of broadcast; also used here. Often just K-yeneung, but I went with the longer one.
K-yeongugaebal - meaning K-research and development (a term that hasn't emerged in English yet), as seen here
K-youth - taken from this page which gives the full name as "K-youth required reading!" I decided it would be better to translate into English in this case.
K-YouTubers - taken from a program offered at the KCCUK
K-zombie - taken from multiple articles in English and Korean about Korean dramas involving zombies. Notable because quotes using it are attributed to Netflix, an actor in "Kingdom", and one of the writers. Also worth noting, this article goes to the trouble of explaining what the "K" in K-zombie means. KOCIS added an article with a great deal more. Also very freakishly cited in this Pengsu video posted by MOEL
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Copyright Daehanmindecline 2014