The K-Iceberg


Past versions of the K-Iceberg can be found here, or view versions 2 to 46 in an animated gif.

After seeing an image online of the "Cultural Iceberg" (of which there are many versions), I took one and created the K-Iceberg. While culture is indeed a complex concept and the iceberg demonstrates that culture is composed of a lot more things than we think, the Korean version shows how one simple type of branding has become widespread across many industries in Korea.

"Imagine people worldwide eating a rice variety developed with Korean technology and cultivated with Korean agricultural machinery while listening to K-pop or watching K-dramas," a director of the RDA wrote as translated by KOCIS.

The idea when I started to collect these was that these various other things would benefit from the success of K-pop, which was absolutely taken for granted by the Korean government and much of civil society long before it was apparent in the real world. Many articles mentioning these things mention the unstoppable global popularity of K-pop, dating back to before "Gangnam Style" even.

I found out about most of the first entries here, and the ones up top, from Korean government publications, which were zealous to add even more ridiculous ones such as K-Roads. But over time I've encountered others reading the news, or just driving around. I occasionally post the latest version on Facebook, and people shower me with other entries.

To qualify for the K-Iceberg, the term must be put in use by a notable enough source, preferably a government agency, but others include private companies, artists, and celebrities. It does not include K-pop fan sites, which would include Knetizen (which notably doesn't hyphenate "Kpop"), K-Hallyu, K-Hangul, and the K-grammar lessons on the "Learn Korean Through K-POP" website. The name also must begin with a K or k and a hyphen or substitute punctuation such as an apostrophe, period, or asterisk. This disqualifies names that have no hyphen (K League, K Shop, K bank, K Car, K Models) or have no space at all (KProfiles, KLPGA, KCSI, KCIA, KCDC).

There are also a lot of websites for things that have proper names, but add a k at the start of the URL for half-assed branding they probably didn't follow through on, such as Hypertension Seoul 2019 run by Korean Society of Hypertension, Cultural Corps of Korean Buddhism, Korea Adoption Services, Korean Housing Association, Korea Asset Investment Securities, Korea Institute of Youth Facility & Environment, Korea Waste Association. And also K-VIC is so close to making K-Venture an entry. I see you, and there's likely to be a tweaking of the rules someday to add all of you.

Due to poor consistency, a name may be branded several different ways, and if it is disqualified by format, it only needs to appear in the proper format in one place that is official enough. For instance The-K Twin Towers was ineligible because the hyphen was on the wrong side of the K, but it is "The K-Twin Towers" above the entrance. Same thing happened with The-K Hotel if you look at the URL. This article refers to K-Care but in official sources it is only ever KCARE so far; also there is mention of a different K-care in this article but it does not meet notability standards unless we determine the official said it and it is not newspaper originated (update: K-Care has been accepted, but from a different origin). I am keeping track of almost-rans and waiting for an example of them being formatted properly, or for them to step further forward into K-dom.

I have tried to exclude sources that don't meet notability standards, such as K-pop fan sites and my own friends giving me suggestions they made up. The K also should represent Korea. For instance K-rock, and K-gugak (2) have not met notability standards for their use, nor do K-chat and K-funny. K-export is also not quite up to notability yet, surprisingly.

It also is preferable that the concept is apparent, even if it's obscure or highly technical jargon; I've been on the fence about K-Exciting and K-Rookies, for instance, and still am about K-global, K-master, K-demo (demolition? demonstration?), K-ACE, K-Turtle Wedding Hall, K-spa, K-sure, K-Bee, K-CAB, (2), K-CLIP, K-Wind and K-TRap. And for that matter the K probably should stand for Korea, or at least have a Korean connection. Maybe in the future the rules will change to let them all in, or I'll find an example where they stylise it differently, or they slip up just once and hyphenate.

As some of the items have quite long names, usually because they are part of an event name or slogan, I will trim them down to a core concept, even if this somewhat obscures their original purpose. The longest is probably "K-route expedition unit," which didn't make sense to trim. I also reserve the right to make the name format more uniform, such as changing the punctuation to a hyphen, capitalising the K, or lowercasing the following word so it doesn't look as much like a proper name.

As it gets more crowded, I've found more difficulties curating the K-Iceberg. Two duplicate entries have been found and removed. Also, my standards for what qualifies have tightened. I decided rather than remove entries, I would cross them off. Some remain on there for humorous purposes. It became necessary to list all the entries in text, because it was becoming too difficult to tell whether a new entry was already on the K-Iceberg.

Below is a list of sources for as many of the K-Iceberg items as possible. For most of the time, I've been uninterested in recording the sources, so a few are currently unknown, but in most cases they are not the most outlandish ones.

If you know the origin of any of the unknown ones, or have others to add, don't hesitate to contact me.

If you want to use the K-Iceberg for a presentation or publication or something, you're free to do so, although I appreciate a shout-out through proper citation and I especially appreciate a proof photo. So far I have spoken to four academics who have used it.

  • K-academy - taken from a program run at Korean Cultural Centers, seen here, here, and here
  • K-ADR - from a report KOTRA posted about
  • K-agriculture - taken from a quote about spreading K-agriculture to Southeast Asia
  • K-animation - comes from a government publication
  • K-Apps - a video of the Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
  • K-architecture - comes from a government publication
  • K-Army - although this term is used to refer to domestic fans of BTS (vs I-Army for international fans), it is also seen on packaging for a budae jjigae ramyeon product
  • K-art - comes from a government publication
  • K-Art Market - short name for Korea Art Market Information System
  • K-artist - taken from the Virtual K-Artist Talk Series up to 6 as of this writing at the Washington KCC
  • K-ARTS - Korea National University of Arts
  • K-Asian - taken from K-Asian Festival, a K-pop concert held in August 2019
  • K-ASMR - a term referenced by the Spanish KCC referring to videos by K-Heritage such as this one
  • K-attire - unknown
  • K-auction - an auction website
  • K-Aussie - a network for Koreans who studied abroad in Australia
  • K-auto - taken from a car exporter in Busan and a trade fair
  • K-award - taken from the ICT K-Award run by the Korea Information Science Promotion Association
  • K-baby - taken from K-Baby Fair at Kintex
  • K-baduk - a TV channel for baduk games. Note that the official name is K- in English, but Baduk in Hangeul. Also note that instead of a hyphen they stylise it with an asterisk in logos.
  • K-bags - believed to be an online store
  • K-ballet - not surprisingly, K-ballet hopes to fuse the government's two favourite things to promote: high art with the runaway popularity of K-pop, as seen in this government article and the K-Ballet World international ballet festival, which rebranded in 2013 on the heels of "Gangnam Style"
  • K-bang - the name of a German K-pop magazine; note the use of an asterisk instead of a hyphen
  • K-bangyeok - a romanisation (trying not to use Hangeul on this site) of a term best translated as "K-anti-infection." Widespread use in the media, possibly as the Korean word for K-quarantine.
  • K-Bank - disqualified because the official name is unhyphenated, but requalified because of this document
  • K-baseball - used in a presidential speech; referenced in Yonhap too
  • K-bases - apparently all airbases in Korea have a K- prefix, and the National Museum of the United States Air Force phrases it just right to qualify here.
  • K-basic income - said by Ahn Cheol-soo; yes in Korean
  • K-basins - a term used in several government reports as well as this paper to refer to drainage basins in Korea
  • K-beauty - a term for not just skincare products originating from Korea as well as an expo, but also plastic surgery... but also the 2019 ASEAN-ROK K-Beauty Festival
  • K-beer - uttered a lot regarding the Korea International Beer Expo in 2020, such as this article quoting an unnamed KIBEX official and this one with a number of quotes. Especially ironic because it's about craft beer, rather than the macrobreweries like OB which have a great deal more parallels with K-pop.
  • K-berry - a brand for Korean strawberries, the "Queen of Winter Vitamin," as mentioned here and here alongside K-grape and K-mush
  • K-bio - cited in a presidential speech, presumably short for K-biotech. UPDATE: Cheong Wa Dae has second-guessed the term, removing it from English translations. Still visible in the original Korean text.
  • K-bio singularity - from a report KOTRA posted about
  • K-biotech - a company name that seems to range between K-bio Solutions and K-Biotech
  • K-biz - Korea Federation of SMEs
  • K-blog - used in K-blog info and the blog for Beauty&Seoul which seems to be a cosmetics company.
  • K-boat - seen on a sign at Dongincheon Station
  • K-book - a website run by the Publication Industry Promotion Agency of Korea to reach out to overseas publishers, as well as used by the K-Book Export Center (K-BEC) which has a K-Book Review webzine, and also the K-Book exhibit at the Beijing International Book Fair
  • K-boutique - taken from this article
  • K-boy - the name of a Thai K-pop cover group that won the grand prize at the K-Pop World Festival 2018
  • K-BPR - a local version of a law, known elsewhere as Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)
  • K-brands - a term used in a presidential speech referring to basically all these K-iceberg terms
  • K-caddie - from the Korea Golf Caddies Association
  • K-car - disqualified because the K doesn't stand for Korea
  • K-camp - not related to camping, but a startup event that uses the hyphen inconsistently
  • K-care - a brand of sanitary mask, while also used to describe the Korea Central Adoption Resources which was stylised officially as KCARE and is now Kore Adoption Services (KAS, though with the URL Kadoption)
  • K-cash - a name for the Korea Cash Network as run by the Korea Financial Telecommunications & Clearings Institute (KFTC)
  • K-cat - taken from K-Cat Fair at Coex in January 2020, connected with K-Pet Fair
  • K-CDC - Korean version of the CDC, disqualified because official name unhyphenated
  • K-celeb - a video series run by YTN
  • K-certified - referenced in a presidential speech translation as "Brand K-certified products, including Korea¡¯s COVID-19 response, K-pop, K-beauty and K-food"
  • K-challenge - taken from K-Challenge Lab
  • K-champ - taken from K-Champ Collaboration
  • K-character - unknown, nominaetd 20190314, believed to be from a store, festival, or sale of character merchandising
  • K-check card - offered by Woori Bank
  • K-chicken - located on the menu at YG Republique's pub
  • K-chip - Samsung is all over something called the "K-chip vision" which appears mostly in media, but also on this apparently Samsung-run site
  • K-chopsticks - government campaign connected with Korean Life Dictionary series featuring video, events at Korean Cultural Centers
  • K-choreo - a regular feature on KBS' official music channel obviously short for K-choreography
  • K-CIA - former name of the NIS, disqualified because official name unhyphenated
  • K-cinema - a screening series with events such as this one at the Washington KCC which seems to prefer this over K-movie
  • K-city - a fake city built for testing autonomous vehicles
  • K-classic - name for International Bodybuilding Fitness Championships, also possibly name for a K League event, and the K-Classic Piano Tour/Concert
  • K-classics - comes from a government publication about (non-Korean) classical music in Korea
  • K-classical music - unknown, believed to be a government publication that came later than K-classics; possibly this
  • K-clinic - seen in the URL of this K-plastic surgery website
  • K-cloud - taken from Kangwon University's online platform
  • K-coal - possibly claimed by the Korean Coal Association, certainly by this private company
  • K-cocktail - taken from this KOCIS article
  • K-coffee - seems to come from this brand, created by "Korea’s first barista Lee Dong-jin to pay homage to Emperor Kojong"
  • K-comedy - taken from the K-Comedy Award apparently given out at Busan International Comedy Festival; also comedian Park Na-rae seems to like the term
  • K-comics - taken from K-Comics Academy run by Korea Manhwa Contents Agency less so from K-Comics, a publishing company
  • K-community - taken from K-Community Festival in Europe
  • K-concert - part of the basis for KCON, a major K-pop festival held overseas; seen here and here and here; also used for K-Concert Screening "SHINee World V" Ditunda (and I'm going to pretend I didn't see the use of K-SHINee in that link, which seems to be a mistake)
  • K-Connected - the name of an annual celebration of Korean culture in Canada's capital run by the KCC there
  • K-consafety - from K-Consafety Expo, an exhibition held at Kintex in September 2019 on construction and industrial safety, seemingly alongside K-Safety Expo
  • K-consumer - from K-consumer reports as seen in this economy ministry post
  • K-convention - part of the basis for KCON, a major K-pop festival held overseas; seen here and here -- also used for a KTO MICE event
  • K-content - from K-Content Expo which is run overseas by KOCCA
  • K-contents - no, you're not seeing double; mentioned in promotional materials about KCON, as seen here
  • K-cooking - taken from the K-cookingclass which seems to be privately run
  • K-cops - Korean Transformers ripoff as well as an actual buzzword mentioned in a presidential speech to refer to the "K-COP wave, which is surging like K-POP"
  • K-corn dog - comes from a KOCIS publication
  • K-cosmetics - unknown
  • K-cosplay - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia
  • K-cover - taken from a series of videos on the MBC K-Pop YouTube channel in which traditional performers cover K-pop songs
  • K-COVID-19 - an unfortunate term coined on government releases such as seen here and here, short for K-COVID-19 response strategy
  • K-craft - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia and also mentioned here; also mentioned here possibly for something else
  • K-Cruelty - PETA campaign about horses
  • K-cuisine - taken from a lecture series at the Korean Cultural Centers in the US; seems to especially be used to refer to temple food
  • K-culture - comes from a government publication; also cited for CJ Logistics' sponsorship activities and K-Culture Road
  • K-cup - disqualified, unrelated to Korea
  • K-cyber - Comes from K-Cyber Security Challenge" but cybersecurity is one word, and cyber is regrettably a verb for online sex chat, so... Anyway, more here.
  • K-cycle - seen on a sign at Dongincheon Station
  • K-daily life - coined in a presidential speech to mean "Korea's post-COVID-19 routine life model"
  • K-dance - comes from K-Dance Agency which offers K-Dance Camps; plus lots of KCC events like this
  • K-Data - the abbreviated name of Korea Data Agency, hyphenated inconsistently including here
  • K-defense - taken from K-Defense Forum seen here, as well as a Ministry of National Defense page that seems to forbid hotlinking, and also namedropped in another capacity here
  • K-delivery - a video of the Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
  • K-design - Taken from the K-Design Award
  • K-developedia - a development resource
  • K-digi Print - taken from the Korean Digital Print & Solution Show which may be affiliated with K-Print
  • K-disinfection - used by KOCIS here, possibly as an English version of K-bangyeok or K-quarantine
  • K-display - from a report KOTRA posted about
  • K-docs - taken from K-Docs Pitching Day, held in the Netherlands
  • K-doctor - taken from a medical tourism company which says K-Doctors is "a short term for Korean doctors
  • K-doll - taken partially from K Doll Fair which lacks a hyphen, but also K-Doll company
  • K-drama - used colloquially everywhere
  • K-dream - a youth support center mentioned with hyphen here, though it seems the K could stand for the Korean word for dream
  • K-dress - an entry on the K-Ribbon Selection site, seeming to be a dress made by Damyeon which held a K-dress fashion show in 2013
  • K-drone - taken from K-Drone System, an "all-in-one drone management system... that will support drone registration, air traffic management and remote-controlled flights." Here is a Korean-language official site using it.
  • K-eco - name for Korea Environment Corporation
  • K-economy - used in a presidential speech as a name for Korea's post-COVID-19 economic revival model. UPDATE: the government has second-guessed use of the term and removed it from the site. Here is a Korean version that still mentions it, and here is another. I am going to keep it as K-economy rather than use the Korean hybrid phrase.
  • K-EDM - appears in a series of Arirang videos as well as seems to be the name of a festival or festivals
  • K-education - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia
  • K-entertainment - a category on this site presumably for Asian drug addicts and this site, and appears as a quote in this UPI article
  • K-EV - from a report KOTRA posted about
  • K-event - a category at the 2019 Korea Festival in Indonesia
  • K-eVote - Korea Securities Depository (KSD) electronic voting system
  • K-Exciting - appears to be an outdoor adventure store
  • K-exhibition - a category at the 2019 Korea Festival in Indonesia
  • K-experience - from a K-Experience Program held by KITA and the USO for new USFK arrivals
  • K-Expo - taken from the 2019 Newsis K-Expo in August 2019 as well as this event in 2018 run by "All That Korea"
  • K-facility - a label for national research facilities supporting research in pending issues
  • K-fam - part of the name of an online market
  • K-family - troubling government campaign about using family titles to strangers, also claims a Korean monopoly on family closeness, part of Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
  • K-fancam - a regular feature on KBS' official music channel
  • K-fan - taken from K-Fan K-Pop Tour, a tour agency
  • K-farm - taken from an event held at Kintex, as well as this program located in Daegeon City whose full name seems to be K-FARM NOORI Business which stands for Korea, Fun&Food, Agriculture, Relax, MICE&Medical, also K-fram
  • K-fashion - comes from a government publication
  • K-festival - from this event held May 24-26, 2019
  • K-fiction - a publication series from the Literature Translation Institute of Korea, also seen here
  • K-film - taken from K-Film Nights as seen here at the Washington KCC which also uses K-cinema
  • K-fish - Korean fishery national brand; there is also a K-Fish Fair
  • K-fitness - used in government coverage of a YouTube channel
  • K-flood - used in a few papers, such as this one by Korea Water Resources Association, citing an adaptive cut-cell grid based 2D inundation analysis model
  • K-food - comes from a government publication
  • K-forensic - so far only seen in Korean, apparently a collaborative program with Thailand, maybe others, on forensic science cooperation
  • K-franchise - a term that appears frequently in a Korea Franchise Association document
  • K-fresh - taken from K-fresh zone, "Singapore's first dedicated area for Korean fresh produce"
  • K-fried chicken - located on the K-chicken section of the menu at YG Republique's pub
  • K-fun - an attraction at the K-Street Festival in the Philippines; the festival clearly meant "K-" but had a blank space, but that KOCIS article adds in the dash which is good enough
  • K-games - abbreviated name for Korea Association of Game Industry
  • K-gastronomy - a feature at the K-Connected event in Canada, explained in more detail here
  • K-girls - the name of a K-pop girl group that didn't seem to get far
  • K-global - taken from K-Global Smart Content Korea and other likely connected events such as K-Global@India
  • K-golf - popularly used to talk about Korean female golfers, but also the name of a golfing club
  • K-goods - mentioned in promotional materials about KCON, as seen here and here
  • K-gourmet - taken from K-Gourmet Road, a Gangnam-gu project that may not have happened as a follow-up to K-Star Street, named here with a hyphen
  • K-grape - mentioned here and here alongside K-berry and K-mush
  • K-Ground - the name of a global startup exchange and collaboration program, seen here on Facebook
  • K-growth - a name for the Korea Growth Investment Corp., which appears to be a fund manager
  • K-guesthouse - taken from at least two guesthouses, one in Dongdaemun and the other in Myeongdong
  • K-hackathon - the name of an event as seen hereand here
  • K-handmade - from K-Handmade Fair
  • K-healing - taken from "Discover K-Healing," a title for a ceremony run by KOCIS, also mentioned here
  • K-health - seemingly connected with the Korea Health Promotion Institute; usually not hyphenated, but it is done so here
  • K-healthcare - a KOTRA program in China in 2015
  • K-herb - seen in the name K-herb Research Center, and the URL of Korean Oriental Drug Association
  • K-Heritage - taken from K.Heritage which seems to be an online mall, and Korea Heritage Education Institute which stylises its name as K*Heritage, which doesn't have a website but has a Korea Times columnist who's pretty good, and also a term used for advertising Korea Grand Sale 2020
  • K-hip-hop - taken from the Korea Hiphop Festival K-Hiphop Award and the K-Hiphop Vision Proclamation, both by the Korea Hiphop Culture Association
  • K-hole - disqualified because K stands for ketamine, not Korea
  • K-horror - mentioned on the Argentina KCC site in reference to horror films (terror coreano)
  • K-hospital - name for an annual fair on Korean hospitals
  • K-hot food - seen at a promotional stand in Lotte World Seoul Station
  • K-hotel - taken from The-K Hotel, of which the hyphen appears properly only in the website URL
  • K-ice - an international expo for the cooling industry
  • K-ICT - taken from the K-ICT Born2Global Center; read more here; also from the K-ICT Big Data Center
  • K-idea - an acronym for Korea Internet & Digital Entertainment Association which I believe is an earlier name for K-Games
  • K-IFRS - a Korean version of the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), in order to prepare for the tightening of accounting rules
  • K-imaging - taken from the Korea Cardiovascular Interventional Imaging Forum
  • K-incentive - a KTO contest with the prize being an incentive tour to Korea; see the title of this page
  • K-indie - colloquially used mostly on K-pop websites talking about non-K-pop Korean music to make the K-pop industry take credit for it, and seen in this site
  • K-influencer - taken from K-Influencer, a multi-channel network run by KOCIS, and I think different from this
  • K-innovation - a publication of some kind offered by Kumho Petrochemical
  • K-insurance - seen in the name K-Insurance Capital Standard by the Financial Services Commission; also abbreviated to K-ICS but the K-Iceberg's gotta have some standards
  • K-international - an automotive spare parts exporter
  • K-internet - Taken from the logo and URL of the Korea Internet Corporations Association; note that instead of a hyphen they use a Wi-Fi-type symbol
  • K-ISMS - a Korean certification for Information Security Management Systems
  • K-issue - a feature on YTN Korean's YouTube channel; usually not hyphenated but here's one where they let it slip
  • K-jazz - a term widely attributed to Winterplay's Juhan in 2012
  • K-jewelry - unknown
  • K-jobs - a group of job-networking social service consultants
  • K-kids - taken from this KCC Indonesia video
  • K-kimchi - from a report KOTRA posted about
  • K-lab - the name for "the global technology leader for scan head laser welding systems"
  • K-Label - taken from the Korea Label Show which may be affiliated with K-Print
  • K-labor - an abbreviation of Kang Nam Labor Law Firm seen in the site's URL and copyright information
  • K-language - taken from this KCC Indonesia video, among others
  • K-League - disqualified because real name not hyphenated, but used with the hyphen so much even by government agencies as seen here that it gets to go in again (worth noting that Sangju Sangmu FC is most likely considered directly under the MND umbrella which increases notability strength of its post)
  • K-Lecture - a lecture series at the Korean Cultural Center in Washington, DC
  • K-life - taken from an information website that seems geared toward immigrants to Korea
  • K-lifestyle - taken from the Korean Beauty & Lifestyle Products Showcase 2018 run by Korea International Trade Association as well as a category on this online mall
  • K-lit - a popular abbreviation of K-literature, most prominently used in the essay "K-Lit in the age of Korean Cool" from the Asia House journal, which is no longer visible on the site but seen here
  • K-literature - comes from a government publication
  • K-live - a performance hall featuring K-pop holographic (not live) performances
  • K-love - the title for a trashy-sounding romance novel based on K-drama cliches
  • K-lover - used in this document to refer to Koreaboos, and used in event names like this and this. Here's evidence of an event using the term that the ministry can't delete.
  • K-magazine - a Hallyu magazine made in Mexico with some affiliation to the Mexican KCC
  • K-magic - taken from a KCC event; also note there is a "Magic: the Gathering" store called K-MTG with the M meaning Magic, though that doesn't qualify on its own
  • K-maker - taken from the K-Maker Project, which was an initiative of the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning and also mentioned here and on many university websites
  • K-mall - unknown but possibly this online store
  • K-marine - taken from a marine business company
  • K-market - an event run by the Ministry of SMEs and Startups, also used in this economy ministry document to indicate specific types of markets of other K-brand properties
  • K-martial arts - taken from at least three martial arts studios, admittedly only one of which hyphenates
  • K-mart - disqualified, because Kmart is not hyphenated or Korean
  • K-meal - a project or business plan mentioned in several MAFRA documents such as this one
  • K-meat - after consideration, I've accepted Kmeat, even though their logo is clearly one word unhyphenated -- however, the sign on their very dilapidated building in Noryangjin-dong has a black mark that resembles a hyphen unintentionally
  • K-medi - branding used by Seoul K-Medi Center, which I think may also be the same organisation that wanted to use the branding "Ko-medi." Also used by the Korea Medical Dispute Mediation and Arbitration Agency.
  • K-medicine - unknown, but believed there is a source unrelated to K-medi; also used at a KCC Indonesia event
  • K-meetup - from a KOTRA event
  • K-MICE - a term used by the Korea MICE Bureau and found in its web address
  • K-milk - a brand introduced exhaustively here
  • K-minjujuui (democracy in English) - taken from the title of a book, only seen in Korean so far
  • K-Mobility - taken from K-Mobility Startup Pitch Day
  • K-mom - an alternate name of the Korean company Mother-K providing baby products
  • K-momentum - a publication of some kind offered by Kumho Petrochemical
  • K-Monster - I'd been on the fence about this one, an "international talent solutions provider," because the name is more of a nonsequitur; but they've been spamming me with low-quality job offers even in my home country, so here it is added now. Although it is usually Kmonster or K Monster, this poster has the hyphenated K-Monster.
  • K-MOOC - a website for online courses, brilliantly called K-Mook by Sejong Cyber University which would be a very different thing
  • K-motions - a festival held in Russia in connection with a film festival. Best guess is they're meaning "motion picture" but the poster offers another possibility. Barely makes the list due to some difficulty understanding
  • K-mountains - unknown
  • K-move - a government organisation for helping Koreans find employment overseas, while painting this as part of Korea's rising status
  • K-movie - comes from a government publication, titled used over the more natural sounding K-film or K-cinema
  • K-mush - the name of the Korea Mushroom Export Marketing Board, mentioned here and here alongside K-berry and K-grape
  • K-music - from the name of a music festival held by the KCCUK that probably had to cope with the obstacle that it wasn't presenting K-pop
  • K-musical - taken from the K-Musical Road Show run by the Korea Arts Management Service (KAMS), as well as the K-Musical Tour offered by the Seoul Tourism Organization, and from this entry
  • K-myeongsang - a romanisation (I don't use Hangeul on this site for coding reasons) of a term that would seem to translate to K-meditation (which doesn't exist yet in that language). News sources are here and here among several others. Seems to be embraced by a highly controversial "new religion" here
  • K-New Deal - A buzzword that has been mentioned frequently in the Korean-language media and by Cheong Wa Dae, though only once in English on a Japanese site so far
  • K-New Leaders - a series of events like this one offered by the KCC New York
  • K-nights - taken from a series of videos such as this one that is mentioned on VANK's site
  • K-noodle - a term used mainly on a Singaporean online mall as seen here, as well as this very thorough YouTube channel of instant noodle commercials
  • K-norm - a term used here and here by one notable professor
  • K-opera - referenced several times in an interview with the Korean National Opera
  • K-OTC - a market for over-the-counter (OTC) medicine, run by KOFIA
  • K-Pack - taken from the Korea Print Package Show which may be affiliated with K-Print
  • K-packet - an EMS-like delivery service offered by Korea Depart(ment Store)
  • K-paper - the name of a automotive parts exporter that has survived longer than K-Tuning and K-Spare
  • K-passport - comes from "Explore Korea with K-Passport" which seemed to be the theme of 2019 Korea Festival in Indonesia
  • K-patents - belongs to a US patent company, which seems to have an office in Korea
  • K-Penguin - used in promotional material for Pengsoo, a penguin character intended to replace Pororo
  • K-people - a Europe-based recruitment agency for Korean workers that seems connected to K-Move
  • K-performance - taken from an event run by the KTO in Malaysia in July 2019
  • K-performing arts - a term used at a number of KCC events, including KCCLA and KCCUK
  • K-pet - taken from K-Pet Fair, an event held at Ilsan Kintex and Songdo Convensia in 2019, as well as a trade event called K-Pet Missionorganised by the Canadian Trade Commissioner Service
  • K-petro - abbreviation for the Korea Petroleum Quality & Distribution Authority
  • K-pharma - taken from K-Pharma Academy, a government-to-government program
  • K-phile - a programme or video series produced by Arirang K-place - taken from the KTO site, to mean "Fresh, unique tourist sites that seamlessly combine the tradition with modernity" but it uses a picture of the DDP with this concept
  • K-plastic surgery - taken from here, the K-plastic surgery hospital, another K-Plastic Surgery Hospital in busan, and here
  • K-platform - mentioned in this book as a project of the Park Geun-hye administration, as well as a more recent initiative that seems to be to make a sort of K-YouTube, reported here and here among others
  • K-poet - a poetry book series by Asia Publishers
  • K-police - seen in the K-Police Wave, and the creation of a K-Police Wave Center
  • K-pop - pretty obvious, the start of it all
  • K-popular - a radio show that was on TBS eFM
  • K-power - seems to refer to one or multiple companies. K Power has no hyphen, disqualifying it, but Bloomberg mentions a possibly different company whose website has vanished, and this site mentions a power plant in Gwangyang, which seems to be a jointventure between SK Corporation and BP.
  • K-PPP - standing for Korea Public-Private Partnership, and taken from this wiki site that sees fit to include entries for only this, K-musical, K-IFRS, K-Voting, K-OTC, and K-pop
  • K-premium brand - used in this economy ministry report as the goal of fostering 15 promising consumer goods brands
  • K-print - from K-Print Week, a trade show whose full name is Korea International Printing Machinery & Equipment Show
  • K-products - unknown
  • K-pub - a pub run by YG Republique in Malaysia
  • K-punk - after only seeing this term in use in media that didn't meet notability standards, the KCCUK's mention of it to promote Drinking Boys and Girls Choir is enough for its addition
  • K-quarantine - it appears in this YTN broadcast English title, as well as an event KITA is promoting and a presidential speech that also mentions K-daily life. Update: Cheong Wa Dae has rethought the term and removed it, but it is still used in a Yonhap article. This Bangkok Post article mentions K-quarantine, as well as K-testing, K-element, and K-manicure, none of which meet notability yet.
  • K-quiz - taken from a KCC Indonesia event
  • K-rap - referred to in this article, but for obvious terms usually K-hip-hop is favoured
  • K-realty - taken from at least one real estate company (that site is gone but a K-realty is referenced in this KT document)
  • K-REIT - from the name of an investment management company specialising in real estate
  • K-religion - unknown
  • K-renewables - taken from the Krenewables which occasionally uses K-Renewables, as seen here and here
  • K-restaurant - taken from K-Restaurant Week offered by the KCC in Paris
  • K-ribbon - taken from K-Ribbon Selection, a collection of Korean cultural products as organised by the culture ministry
  • K-rice - unknown, but nominated on 20190518, so probably something I saw in Namdaemun
  • K-river - the name for the Korea River Information System of K-water, also seen here
  • K-riverside - a proposed addition to Gangnam's "K-Road Project" that may not have come to be
  • K-roads - used for the cover story for an issue of Korea Magazine, published by the culture ministry, despite my urging not to. Also possibly used in K-Road Project, related to creating destination roads around Hallyu Star Street in Gangnam.
  • K-rookies - a program run by KOCCA to give new bands a chance for...something?
  • K-route expedition unit - an Antarctic expedition unit of the Korea Polar Research Institute
  • K-safety - from K-Safety Expo, held at Kintex in September 2019, seemingly alongside K-Consafety Expo
  • K-sale - taken from K-Sale Day, an attempt to spur consumer spending by somehow repeating the success of events like Black Friday or Korean Sale Festa; another event is mentioned here in reference to this which usually isn't hyphenated
  • K-samgyetang - a proposed joint venture to export samgyetang to China mentioned by MAFRA and granted a K-Ribbon Award
  • K-Sauna - a video of the Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
  • K-school - a school at KAIST combining entrepreneurship and engineering education, created in 2016 by what Kakao Translate translates to the Ministry of Creation Science (really the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning)
  • K-scissors - a cringeworthy ad made by the Korean government for its "I Like K" K-series campaign
  • K-SDGs - the Korean version of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as branded by the Ministry of Environment
  • K-seafood - comes from K-Seafood Global Weeks run by K-Fish and one by KITA and the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries
  • K-security - taken from K-Security Business Meeting intended to help Korean security companies penetrate the Indonesian market, hosted by the ICT ministry and organised by KISA
  • K-seed - taken from K-Seed Valley which was established to help the Korean seed industry.
  • K-Service - A medical program by KOTRA that seems to be connected with K-Healthcare
  • K-shamanism - a performance held on Oct. 3, 2016
  • K-shield - the name of this site run by KISA and the Ministry of Science and ICT
  • K-shoes - taken from K-Shoes Center, a "cultural and business hub for the local footwear industry" run by the Busan city government
  • K-shopping - taken from "Best Way to K-Shopping," found in the title and metadata for 11st's global page
  • K-shuttle - a "foreigner-only national bus tour" program
  • K-side dish - a video of the Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
  • K-sign - taken from K-Sign & Ad, probably another trade show affiliated with K-Print
  • K-smartfactory - taken from the K-smartfactory which seems to have a lot of events overseas
  • K-smart city - there have been references to a K-Smart City theme pushed by the Korean government
  • K-smart farm - a smart farm project in West Asia, mentioned here and here
  • K-Smile - campaign by the KTO for Visit Korea Year, which lasted from 2016 to 2018
  • K-snack - located on the menu at YG Republique's pub
  • K-soap opera - used mostly colloquially as a synonym for K-drama; mentioned in promotional materials about KCON, as seen here
  • K-social brands - the name of a KOTRA event in New York
  • K-solar - taken from the K-Solar League also mentioned by Krenewables
  • K-Solution - taken from the K-Solution Fair as seen here and here
  • K-sool - website now defunct and visible through Wayback Machine or Facebook; unknown whether this was a government effort
  • K-Spare - an online automotive parts distributor, now seemingly defunct
  • K-Speech - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia
  • K-spirit - Used on this site; note the k-spirit in the email address. Also used in this short video which laments "our nation has lost its own spirit and traditional culture by socialism and foreign religion" and this KTO page which defines it as "Infinite creativity and passion that defines Korea and Koreans"
  • K-Sports - a shady foundation set up by Choi Soon-sil to funnel money extorted from chaebols, also comes from a government publication
  • K-Ssireum - taken from a KOCIS article that claims "K-ssireum is following in K-pop's footsteps."
  • K-stage - a video of the Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
  • K-Star - taken from K-Star Road in Gangnam and a series of Chinese-language videos titled "Catering for K-STAR", but also worth noting KSTAR is the acronym for the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research, a magnetic fusion device in Daejeon.
  • K-startup - taken from K-Startup Grand Challenge; also apparently an agency of the Ministry of SMEs and Startups, as well as this K-Startup Week ComeUp 2019 event
  • K-statistics - a menu item on the Korea International Trade Association website, which forwards to a K-Stat website
  • K-steel - taken from possibly multiple companies, the latter of which explicitly mentions becoming "a hit on the scale of K-pop"
  • K-store - the name used on the KOCIS website, which has a section for videos and another for publications, and all of it seems to be for free
  • K-story - an event at the KCC in Japan
  • K-storytelling - taken from the K-Storytelling World Tour Project, which The Korea Times covered here, and appeared in print with the K-Storytelling in the headline
  • K-street - taken from K-Street Festival run by the Korean Cultural Center in the Philippines
  • K-street food - comes from a KOCIS publication
  • K-Studio - taken from YoungLimWon Soft Lab's site
  • K-study - a business run seemingly by a private individual offering various content including a YouTube channel
  • K-style - comes from a government publication as well as K-Style Hub
  • K-subway - an ad made by the Korean government as part of its "I Like K" K-series campaign
  • K-Swiss - a well-known apparel company, currently under ownership of Korea's Eland World
  • K-System - taken from YoungLimWon Soft Lab's site
  • K-Taekwondo - taken from this KCC Indonesia video
  • K-talk - taken from a KCC Indonesia event, but might have mistaken this instead of K-talkshow
  • K-Talkshow - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia
  • K-Taxi - seen on the side of a taxi one day
  • K-Team - taken from this article which also mentions K-steel, possibly just as marketing content, as well as Dongwha K-Team
  • K-tech fair - taken from a KITA event
  • K-Technology - seems to be the name for this company, which is confusingly laid out and may also be called Maxpower
  • K-Telco - a term used widely in this KT document. As KT is Korea Telecom, K-Telco is an equivalent to that name. But this term comes from K-Telco Score, a "financial intelligence solution."
  • K-textile - taken from the Korea Textile Show which may be affiliated with K-Print
  • K-theater - taken from a KCC event in which they watch a video apparently
  • K-Tigers - taken from K-Tigers Zero, an obscure K-pop group
  • K-TIRADS - a medical thing involving thyroid imaging from the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology
  • K-together - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia
  • K-tour - a category on this site and almost realised in this site, and mentioned here
  • K-town - a K-pop column or section in Billboard, and named in a presidential speech in reference to the K-Wave and Halal Show in Malaysia; also mentioned here
  • K-tradition - a video of the Korean Life Dictionary series produced by the government
  • K-traditional - an event held by the Korean Cultural Center in Indonesia
  • K-traditional games - taken from a program offered at the KCC Hong Kong to offer events so Chinese people can experience Korea's version of the Lunar New Year
  • K-training - taken from this fitness week at Kintex
  • K-travel - taken from K-Travel Bus, or K-Tavel Bus according to one popup at that site right now
  • K-Tune - an agency or platform or something said to be "your gateway to becoming a K-Pop producer"
  • K-Tuning - an online shopping mall for automotive tuning parts, now seemingly defunct
  • K-TV show - a category on the Seoul Tourism Organization page
  • K-Twin Towers - a variation on the name The-K Twin Towers
  • K-UAM - taken from the K-UAM Grand Challenge, reported on by KOCIS here, and also MOLIT's Korean Urban Air Traffic Roadmap, even though UAM stands for urban air mobility (meaning flying cars)
  • K-unicorn - taken from what is referred to as the K-Unicorn Project, a unicorn startup support program by the government, and mentioned by President Moon
  • K-veteran - a couple events meant to thank Korean War veterans, such as K-Veteran Star and K-Veteran mask; notably hasn't been seen in English yet but "bo-hoon" obviously translates to veteran
  • K-video - a category on this site
  • K-visa - a visa info platform app
  • K-voting - online voting system
  • K-walk-thru - a booth developed by a small company to offer walk-in testing. No K-drive-thru yet, and let's pretend we didn't see K-work-thru. Mentioned here and here in case the government tries to erase it.
  • K-water - government utility agency
  • K-wave - commonly seen all over as an abbreviation of Korean wave, but here's a Korean language school in the Philippines and here's seemingly the 59th video in a K-wave video series with YTN, and here's the K-Wave and Halal Show in Malaysia which Moon Jae-in joined
  • K-waxing - one abbreviation for International Korea Waxing Festival
  • K-weather - a privatized company formerly known as Korea Weather Association under Korea Meteorological Administration; has rebranded itself, though uses hyphen inconsistently
  • K-webtoon - used in media, also seen in this website that seems to be a database or search engine for webcomics; note also this headline mentioning K-cartoon which can "penerate global audience"
  • K-wedding - taken from a proposal to create a K-Wedding Town resort, and an experience program offered by the KTO for Malaysians
  • K-wellness - from the Korea Wellness Industry Association website URL
  • K-white - taken from K-White Glow, a whitener marketed toward Filipinos; they also have K-Bright Glow which encourages you to "Whip it!"
  • K-wings - a Korean fried chicken product available in Japan
  • K-winter - a promotional word used sparingly in a Korea Grand Sale event
  • K-world - from K-World Festa
  • K-yard - the name for the Korean Smart Yard, something to do with shipyards I think K-YouTubers - taken from a program offered at the KCCUK
  • K-zombie - taken from multiple articles in English and Korean about Korean dramas involving zombies. Notable because quotes using it are attributed to Netflix, an actor in "Kingdom", and one of the writers. Also worth noting, this article goes to the trouble of explaining what the "K" in K-zombie means.
  • Please remember that these photos are all copyrighted to me. If you want to use them in any way, there's a 90 per cent chance I'll give you my permission, and be able to give you a copy with a higher DPI.
    Copyright Daehanmindecline 2014